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Preliminary Geography Previous Question Paper

Paper – 2016

1. Consider the following pair:
Community sometimes : In the affairs of mentioned in the news
1) Kurd : Bangladesh
2) Madhesi : Nepal
3) Rohingya : Myanmar
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 only
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 3 only

2. Why does the Government of India promote the use of ‘Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?

(A) Release of Neem oil in the soil increases nitrogen fixation by the soil microorganisms.
(B) Neem coating slows down the rate of distribution of urea in the soil
(C) Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas, is not at all released into the atmosphere by crop fields.
(D) It is a combination of a weedicide and a fertilizer for particular crops.

3. Which of the following is/are tributary/tributaries of Brahmaputra?
1) Dibang
2) Kameng
3) Lohit
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

4. With reference to ‘red sanders ‘sometimes seen in the news consider the following statements:
1) It is tree species found in a part of south India
2) It is one of the most important trees in the tropical rain forest areas of south India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

5. In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found?
1) Cambay Basin
2) Cauvery Basin
3) Krishna-Godavari Basin
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

6. Which of the following is/are the advantage / advantages of practicing drip irrigation?
1) Reduction of weed
2) Reduction in soil salinity
3) Reduction in soil erosion
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) None of the above is an advantage of practicing drip irrigation

7. Consider the following pairs:
Famous place : Region
1) Bodhgaya : Baghelkhand
2) Khajuraho : Bundelkhand
3) Shirdi : Vidarbha
4) Nasik(Nashik) : Malwa
5) Tirupati : Rayalaseema
Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

(A) 1, 2 and 4
(B) 2, 3, 4 and 5
(C) 2 and 5 only
(D) 1, 3, 4 and 5

Paper – 2015

1. Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea?

(A) Syria
(B) Jordan
(C) Lebanon
(D) lsrael

2. In India, in which one of the following types of forests is teak a dominant tree species?

(A) Tropical moist deciduous forest
(B) Tropical rain forest
(C) Tropical thorn scrub forest
(D) Temperate forest with grasslands

3. “Each day is more or less the same, the morning is clear and bright with a sea breeze; as the Sun climbs high in the sky, heat mounts up, dark clouds form, then rain comes with thunder and lightning. But rain is soon over.” Which of the following regions is described in the above passage?

(A) Savannah
(B) Equatorial
(C) Monsoon
(D) Mediterranean

4. In the South Atlantic and South-Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate. What is the reason?

(A) Sea surface temperatures are low
(B) Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone seldom occurs
(C) Coriolis force is too weak
(D) Absence of land in those regions

5. Which one of the following pairs of States of India indicates the easternmost and westernmost State?

(A) Assam and Rajasthan
(B) Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
(C) Assam and Gujarat
(D) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

6. What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current?

(A) The Earth’s rotation on its axis
(B) Convergence of the two equatorial currents
(C) Difference in salinity of water
(D) Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator

7. Consider the following pairs:
Place of Pilgrimage : Location
1. Srisailam : Nallamala Hills
2. Omkareshwar : Satmala Hills
3. Pushkar : Mahadeo Hills
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

8. The area known as ‘Golan Heights’ sometimes appears in the news in the context of the events related to

(A) Central Asia
(B) Middle East
(C) South-East Asia
(D) Central Africa

9. Consider the following rivers:
1) Vamsadhara
2) Indravati
3) Pranahita
4) Pennar
Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 4
(D) 2 and 3 only

10. Which one of the following regions of India has a combination of mangrove forest, evergreen forest and deciduous forest?

(A) North Coastal Andhra Pradesh
(B) South-West Bengal
(C) Southern Saurashtra
(D) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

11. Which one of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic?

(A) Khangchendzonga National Park
(B) Nandadevi National Park
(C) Neora Valley National Park
(D) Namdapha National Park

12. In India, the steel production industry requires the import of

(A) saltpetre
(B) rock phosphate
(C) coking coal
(D) All of the above

13. Consider the following statements
1) The winds which blow between 30o N and 60o S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
2) The moist air masses that cause winter rains in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

14. Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following?
1) Gravitational force of the Sun
2) Gravitational force of the Moon
3) Centrifugal force of the Earth
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

15. Consider the following States
1) Arunachal Pradesh
2) Himachal Pradesh
3) Mizoram
In which of the above States do ‘Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests’ occur?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

Paper – 2014

1. Consider the following pairs:
Region : Well-known for the production of
1) Kinnaur : Areca nut
2) Mewat : Mango
3) Coromandel : Soya bean
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None

2. Consider the following statements:
1) Maize can be used for the production of starch.
2) Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel.
3) Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

3. Consider the following pairs:
National Highway : Cities connected
1) NH 4 : Chennai and Hyderabad
2) NH 6 : Mumbai and Kolkata
3) NH 15 : Ahmedabad and Jodhpur
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None

4. What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?
1) Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation
2) Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
3) There is no application of chemical/inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
4) The scope for inter cropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 3 only
(B) 1, 2 and 4 only
(C) 2, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

5. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?

(A) Andaman and Nicobar
(B) Nicobar and Sumatra
(C) Maldives and Lakshadweep
(D) Sumatra and Java

6. Consider the following pairs:
Programme/Project : Ministry
1) Drought-prone Area Programme : Ministry of Agriculture
2) Desert Development Programme : Ministry of Environment and Forests
3) National Watershed Development : Ministry of Rural Development
Project for Rainfed Areas
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None

7. Consider the following pairs:
1) Dampa Tiger Reserve : Mizoram
2) Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary : Sikkim
3) Saramati Peak : Nagaland
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

8. Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?
1. Continental Drift 2. Glacial cycles
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

9. Which of the following have coral reefs?
1) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2) Gulf of Kachchh
3) Gulf of Mannar
4) Sunderans
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

10. In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following
1) Terrace cultivation
2) Deforestation
3) Tropical climate
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

11. The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

(A) Equatorial climate
(B) Mediterranean climate
(C) Monsoon climate
(D) All of the above climates

12. Consider the following rivers:
1. Barak 2. Lohit 3. Subansiri
Which of the above flows/flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

13. Consider the following pairs:
Hills : Region
1) Cardamom Hills : Coromandel Coast
2) Kaimur Hills : Konkan Coast
3) Mahadeo Hills : Central India
4) Mikir Hills : North-East India
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 3 and 4
(D) 2 and 4

14. Turkey is located between

(A) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
(B) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
(C) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
(D) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea

15. What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in the South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?
1. Bangkok 2. Hanoi
3. Jakarta 4. Singapore
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 4-2-1-3
(B) 3-2-4-1
(C) 3-4-1-2
(D) 4-3-2-1

16. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’?
1) Prevention of soil runoff
2) Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
3) Rain water harvesting and recharge of groundwater
4) Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2, 3 and 4 only
(C) 1, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

17. If you travel through Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?
1) Oak
2) Rhododendron
3) Sandalwood
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

18. Every year, a month long ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the following are such communities/tribes?

(A) Bhutia and Lepcha
(B) Gond and Korku
(C) Irula and Toda
(D) Sahariya and Agariya

19. With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statements:
1) They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
2) They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
3) They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

Paper – 2013

1. Variations in the length of daytime and night-time from season to season are due to

(A) The earth’s rotation on its axis
(B) The earth’s revolution round the sun in an elliptical manner
(C) Latitudinal position of the place
(D) Revolution of the earth on a tilted axis

2. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest porportion

(A) Is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds
(B) Is found in freshwater lakes and rivers
(C) Exists as groundwater
(D) Exists as soil moisture

3. Consider the following:
1) Electromagnetic radiation
2) Geothermal energy
3) Gravitational force
4) Plate movements
5) Rotation of the earth
6) Revolution of the earth
Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth?

(A) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(B) 1, 3, 5 and 6 only
(C) 2, 4, 5 and 6 only
(D) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

4. Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in

(A) Desert margins, liable to strong wind action
(B) Low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding
(C) Scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth
(D) None of the above

5. Which of the following is/are unique characteristic/characteristics of equatorial forests?
1) Presence of tall, closely set trees with crowns forming a continuous canopy.
2) Coexistence of a large number of species.
3) Presence of numerous varieties of epiphytes.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

6. The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is/are the reason/reasons?
1) Thermal difference between land and water
2) Variation in altitude between continents and oceans
3) Presence of strong winds in the interior
4) Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

7. During the thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the
1) Meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky
2) Lightening that separates the nimbus clouds
3) Violent upward movement of air and water particles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) None of the above produces the thunder

8. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
Geographical Feature : Region

(A) Abyssinian Plateau : Arabia
(B) Atlas Mountains : North-Western Africa
(C) Guiana Highlands : South-Western Africa
(D) Okavango Basin : Patagonia

9. The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where

(A) warm and cold atmospheric currents meet
(B) rivers drain out large amounts of freshwater into the sea
(C) warm and cold oceanic currents meet
(D) continental shelf in undulating

10. “climate is extreme, rainfall is scanty and the people used to be nomadic herders.”
The above statements best describes which of the following regions?

(A) African Savannah
(B) Central Asian Steppe
(C) North American Prairie
(D) Siberian Tundra

11. Consider the following pairs:
Tribe : State
1) Limboo (Limbu) : Sikkim
2) Karbi : Himachal Pradesh
3) Dongaria Kondh : Odisha
4) Bonda : Tamil Nadu
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 3 only
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

12. Consider the following pairs:
National Park : River flowing through the park
1) Corbett National Park : Ganga
2) Kaziranga National Park : Manas
3) Silent valley National Park : Kaveri
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 3
(D) None

13. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?
1) It occupies a liner rift valley
2) It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras
3) The land slopes to the west from Central India
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) None

14. Consider the following pairs:
1) Nokrek Biosphere Reserve : Garo Hills
2) Logtak (Loktak) Lake : Barail Range
3) Namdapha National Park : Dafla Hill
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?


(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None

15. With reference to the usefulness of the by-products of sugar industry, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1) Bagasse can be used as biomass fuel for the generation of energy.
2) Molasses can be used as one of the feed stocks for the production of synthetic chemical fertilizers.
3) Molasses can be used for the production of ethanol.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

16. Which one among the following industries is the maximum consumer of water in India?

(A) Engineering
(B) Paper and Pulp
(C) Textiles
(D) Thermal Power

17. Which of the following is/are the characteristic/characteristics of Indian coal?
1) High ash content
2) Low sulphur content
3) Low ash fusion temperature
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

18. Consider the following statements:
1) Natural gas occurs in the Gongwana beds.
2) Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma
3) Dharwars are famous for petroleum.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 only
(C) 2 and 3
(D) None

19. Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?
1) They are generally red in colour.
2) They are rich in nitrogen and potash.
3) They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP
4) Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils.
Select the Correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1 and 4
(D) 2 and 3

20. Consider the following crops:
1) Cotton 2) Groundnut
3) Rice 4) Wheat
Which of these are Kharif crops?

(A) 1 and 4
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) 2, 3 and 4

Paper – 2012

1. Consider the following factors:
1) Rotation of the Earth
2) Air pressure and wind
3) Density of ocean water
4) Revolution of the Earth
Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 1, 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 4 only
(D) 2, 3 and 4

2. Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface because
1) The atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth’s surface
2) There is more moisture in the upper atmosphere
3) The air is less dense in the upper atmosphere
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

3. The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a cause of concern?
1) The growth and survival of calcareous phytoplankton will be adversely affected.
2) The growth and survival of coral reefs will be adversely affected.
3) The survival of some animals that have phoplanktonic larvae will be adversely affected.
4) The could seeding and formation of clouds will be adversely affected.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

4. A person stood alone in a desert on a dark night and wanted to reach his village which was situated 5km east at the point where he was standing. He had no instruments to find the direction but he located the polestar. The most convenient way now to reach his village is to walk in the

(A) direction facing the polestar
(B) direction opposite to the polestar
(C) direction keeping the polestar to his left
(D) direction keeping the polestar to his right

5. Which one of the following is the characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region?

(A) Rainfall throughout the year
(B) Rainfall in winter, only
(C) An extreme short dry season
(D) A definite dry and wet season

6. What is the difference between the antelopes Oryx and Chiru?

(A) Oryx is adapted to live in hot and arid areas whereas Chiru is adapted to live in steppes and semi-desert areas of cold high mountains
(B) Oryx is poached for its antlers whereas Chiru is poached for its musk
(C) Oryx exists in western India whereas Chiru exists in North-East India only
(D) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct.

7. When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following:
1) Deep gorges
2) U-turn river courses
3) Parallel mountain ranges
4) Steep gradients causing land-sliding
Which of the above can be said to be evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 1, 2 and 4 only
(C) 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

8. Consider the following statements:
1) The duration of monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India
2) The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

9. A particular State in India has the following characteristics:
1) It is located on the same latitude which passes through Northern Rajasthan.
2) It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
3) Over 12% of forest cover constituted Protected Area Network in this state.
Which one among the following State has all the above characteristics?

(A) Arunachal Pradesh
(B) Assam
(C) Himachal Pradesh
(D) Uttarakhand

10. Consider the following crops of India:
1) Cowpea
2) Green gram
3) Pigeon pea
Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green mature?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

11. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?

(A) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops
(B) Cultivation of two or more in the same field
(C) Rearing of animals cultivation of crops together
(D) None of the above

12. Consider the following crops of India:
1) Groundnut
2) Sesamum
3) Pearl millet
Which of the above is/are predominantly rain fed crop/crops

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

Paper – 2011

1. What is the difference between asteroids and comets?
1) Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while Comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.
2) Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while Comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury
3) Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, whiles Asteroids do not
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 1 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

2. La Nina suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from E1 Nino?
1) La Nina is characterised by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas E1 Nino is characterised by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
2) E1 Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

3. The 2004 Tsunami made people realize the mangroves can serve as a reliable safety hedge against coastal calamities. How do mangroves function as a safety hedge?

(A) The mangrove swamps separate the human settlements from the sea by a wide zone in which people neither live nor venture out
(B) The mangroves provide both food and medicines which people are in need of after any natural disaster
(C) The mangrove, trees are tall with dense canopies and serve as an excellent shelter during a cyclone or tsunami
(D) The mangrove trees do not get uprooted by storms and tides because of their extensive roots

4. Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why?
1) Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere.
2) Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere as compared to northern hemisphere.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

5. If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because

(A) the soil of rain forest is deficient in nutrients
(B) propagules of the trees in a rain forest have poor viability
(C) the rain forest species are slow growing
(D) exotic species invade the fertile soil of rain forest

6. A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why?
1) The presence of ozone causes the reflection of radio waves to Earth.
2) Radio waves have a very long wavelength.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

7. What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt?
1) It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.
2) It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

8. The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere. What could be the appropriate explanation?
1) There are no clouds or water vapour in the lower stratosphere.
2) There are no vertical winds in the lower stratosphere.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

9. Consider the following statements:
1) Biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes.
2) Along the mountain gradients, biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

10. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to

(A) Uplift of folded Himalayan series
(B) Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himayalas
(C) Geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains
(D) Both above (a) and (b)

11. Between India and East Asia, the navigation-time and distance can be greatly reduced by which of the following?
1) Deepening the Malaca straits between Malaysia and Indonesia.
2) Opening a new canal across the Kra isthmus between the Gulf of Siam and Andaman Sea
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

12. Southeast Asia has captivated the attention of global community over space and time as a geostrategically significant region. Which among the following is the ost convincing explanation for this global presepective?

(A) It was the hot theatre during the Second World War
(B) Its location between the Asian powers of China and India
(C) It was the arena of superpower confrontation during the Cold War period
(D) Its location between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and its pre-eminent maritime character

13. India is regarded as a country with “Demographic Dividend”. This due to

(A) Its high population in the age group below 15 years
(B) Its high population in the age group of 15-64 years
(C) Its high population in the age group above 65 years
(D) Its high total population

14. Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora?

(A) Biosphere Reserve
(B) Botanical Garden
(C) National Park
(D) Wildlife Sanctuary

15. Two important rivers-one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha- merge at a place only a short distance from the coast Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area. Which one of the following could be this?

(A) Bitarkanika
(B) Chandipur-on-sea
(C) Gopalpur-on-sea
(D) Simlipal

16. The Himalayan Range is very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon?

(A) It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth
(B) It is a confluence of different biogeographical zones
(C) Exotic and invasive species have not been introduced in this region
(D) It has less human interference

17. A state in India has the following characteristics:
1) Its northern part is arid and semi-arid.
2) Its central part produces cotton.
3) Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops.
Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics?

(A) Andhra Pradesh
(B) Gujarat
(C) Karnataka
(D) Tamil Nadu

18. Among the following states, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field?

(A) Andhra Pradesh
(B) Arunachal Pradesh
(C) Madhya Pradesh
(D) Uttar Pradesh

19. The lower Gangetic plain is characterised by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region?

(A) Paddy and Cotton
(B) Wheat and Jute
(C) Paddy and Jute
(D) Wheat and Cotton

20. With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1) Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
2) It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming
3) In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

21. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land?

(A) It generally increases the crop production
(B) It makes some soils impermeable
(C) It raises the water table
(D) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water

Paper – 2010

1. A new types of E1 Nino called E1 Nino Modoki appeared in the news. In this context, consider the following statements:
1) Normal E1 Nino forms in the Central Pacific Ocean whereas E1 Nino Modoki forms in the Eastern Pacific Ocean
2) Normal E1 Nino results in diminished hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean but E1 Nino Modoki results in greater number of hurricanes with greater frequency
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

2. With reference to soil conservation, consider the following practices:
1) Crop rotation
2) Sand fences
3) Terracing
4) Wind breaks
Which of the above are considered appropriate methods for soil conservation in India?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

3. Following are the characteristics of an area in India:
1) Hot and humid climate
2) Annual rainfall 200cm
3) Hill slopes up to an altitude of 1100m
4) Annual range of temperature 15°C to 30°C
Which one among the following crops are you most likely to find in the area described above?

(A) Mustard
(B) Cotton
(C) Pepper
(D) Virginia tobacco

4. In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area?

(A) Montane Wet Temperate Forest
(B) Sub-Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest
(C) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest
(D) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest

5. Consider the following statements:
1) On the planet Earth, the fresh water available for use amounts to about less than 1% of the total water found
2) Of the total fresh water found on the planet Earth 95% is bound up in polar ice and glaciers
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

6. Which one of the following reflects back more sunlight as compared to other three?

(A) Sand desert
(B) Paddy crop land
(C) Land covered with fresh snow
(D) Prairie land

7. A geographic region has the following distinct characteristics:
1) Warm and dry climate
2) Mild and wet winter
3) Evergreen oak trees
The above features are the distinct characteristics of which one of the following regions?

(A) Mediterranean
(B) Eastern China
(C) Central Asia
(D) Atlantic coast of North America

8. What causes wind to deflect towards left in the Southern hemisphere?

(A) Temperature
(B) Magnetic field
(C) Rotation of the earth
(D) Pressure

9. From the point of view of evolution of living organisms, which one of the following is the correct sequence of evolution?

(A) Otter-Tortoise-Shark
(B) Shark-Tortoise- Otter
(C) Tortoise- Shark- Otter
(D) Shark- Otter- Tortoise

10. What are the possible limitations of India in mitigating the global warming at present and in the immediate future?
1) Appropriate alternate technologies are not sufficiently available
2) India cannot invest huge funds in research and development
3) Many developed countries have already set up their polluting industries in India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

11. Consider the following which can be found in the ambient atmosphere:
1) Soot
2) Sulphur hexafluoride
3) Water vapour
Which of the above contribute to the warming up of the atmosphere?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

12. India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and has declared many areas as Ramsar Sites. Which of the following statements best describes as to how we should maintain these sites in the context of the Convention?

(A) Keep all the sites completely inaccessible to man so that they will not exploited
(B) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and permit tourism and recreation only
(C) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach for a period without any exploitation, with specific criteria and specific period for each site and then allow sustainable use of them by future generations
(D) Conserve all the sites through ecosystem approach and allow their simultaneous sustainable use

13. As per the UN-Habitat’s Global Report on Human Settlements 2009, which one of the following regions has shown the fastest growth rate of urbanization in the last three decades?

(A) Asia
(B) Europe
(C) Latin America and Caribbean
(D) North America

14. Which one of the following can one come across if one travels through the Strait of Malacca?

(A) Bali
(B) Brunei
(C) Java
(D) Singapore

15. Consider the following statements:
1) Biodiversity hotspots are located only in tropical regions
2) India has four biodiversity hotspots i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

16. Consider the following statements:
1) The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation
2) A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few species of flora and fauna
3) In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

17. Consider the following pairs:
Protected area Well-known for
1) Bhiterkanika, Orissa : Salt Water Crocodile
2) Desert National Park, Rajasthan : Great Indian Bustard
3) Eravikulam, Kerala : Hoolak Gibbon
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

18. Rivers that pass through Himachal Pradesh are

(A) Beas and Chenab only
(B) Beas and Ravi only
(C) Chenab, Ravi and Satluj only
(D) Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Satluj and Yamuna

19. With reference to the river Luni, which one of the statements is correct?

(A) It flows into Gulf of Khambhat
(B) It flows into Gulf of Kuchchh
(C) It flows into Pakistan and merges with a tributary of Indus
(D) It is lost in the marshy land of the Rann of Kuchchh

20. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(A) Govind Sagar – Satluj
(B) Kolleru Lake – Krishna
(C) Ukai Reservoir – Tapi
(D) Wular Lake – Jhelum

21. If there were no Himalayan ranges, what would have been the most likely geographical impact on India?
1) Much of the country would experience the cold waves from Siberia
2) Indo-gangetic plain would be devoid of such extensive alluvial soils
3) The pattern of monsoon would be different from what it is at present
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 3 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

22. The latitudes that pass through Sikkim also pass through

(A) Rajasthan
(B) Punjab
(C) Himachal Pradesh
(D) Jammu & Kashmir

23. The approximate representation of land use classifications in India is

(A) Net area sown 25% forests 33%; other areas 42%
(B) Net area sown 58% forests 17%; other areas 25%
(C) Net area sown 43% forests 29%; other areas 28%
(D) Net area sown 47% forests 23%; other areas 30%

24. Though coffee and tea both are cultivated on hill slopes, there is some difference between them regarding their cultivation. In this context, consider the following statements:
1) Coffee plant requires a hot and humid climate of tropical areas whereas tea can be cultivated in both tropical and subtropical areas
2) Coffee is propagated by seeds but tea is propagated by stem cuttings only
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

25. With reference to the mineral resources of India, consider the following pairs:
Mineral 90% Natural sources in
1) Copper Jharkhand
2) Nickel Orissa
3) Tungsten Kerala
which one of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

26. Sustainable development is described as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In this perspective, inherently the concept of sustainable development is intertwined with which of the following concepts?

(A) Social Justice and empowerment
(B) Inclusive growth
(C) Globalization
(D) Carrying capacity

27. Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of mill-made cotton yarn in the country. What could be the reason?
1) Black cotton soil is the predominant type of soil in the State
2) Rich pool of skilled labour is available
Which of the above is/are the correct reason?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2

28. When you travel in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil. What is the main reason for this colour?

(A) Abundance of magnesium
(B) Accumulated humus
(C) Presence of ferric oxides
(D) Abundance of phosphates

29. Which one of the following is the appropriate reason for considering the Gondwana rocks as most important of rock systems of India?

(A) More than 90% of limestone reserves of India are found in them
(B) More than 90% of India’s coal reserves are found in them
(C) More than 90% of fertile black cotton soils are spread over them
(D) None of the reasons given above is appropriate in this context

30. In India, during the last decade the total cultivated land for which one of the following crops has remained more or less stagnant?

(A) Rice
(B) Oil seeds
(C) Pulses
(D) Sugarcane

paper -2009

1. Which one of the following planets has largest number of
natural satellites or moons?

A. Jupiter
B. Mars
C. Saturn
D. Venus

2. In the structure of planet Earth, below the mantle, the core is
mainly made up of which one of the following?
A. Aluminum
B. Chromium
C. Iron
D. Silicon

3. Match List I With List II and select the correct answer using the
code given below the lists:

List I                                    List II
(Geographic feature)            (Country)
A. Great Victoria Desert     1. Australia
B. Grand Canyon              2. Canada
C. Lake Winnipeg             3. New Zealand
D. Southern Alps              4. USA

A     B     C     D
A. 1     2     4     3
B. 1     4     2     3
C. 3     2     4     1
D. 3     4     2     1

4. Which among the following has the world’s largest reserves of

A. Australia
B. Canada
C. Russian Federation

5. Consider the following regions:
1. Eastern Himalayas
2 Eastern Mediterranean region
3. North­western Australia
Which of the above is/are Biodiversity Hotspot (s)?

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2 and 3

6. Consider the following pairs:
Famous place           Country
1. Cannes                 France
2. Davos                   Denmark
3. Roland Garros        The Netherlands
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2 and 3

7. Which one of the following is the country’s administrative capital
new federal administrative centre of Malaysia?

A. Kota Bharu
B. Kuala Terengganu
C. Putrajaya
D. Taiping

8. Elephant Pass, which is frequently in the news, is mentioned in
the context of the affairs of which one of the following?
A. Bangladesh
B. India
C. Nepal
D. Sri Lanka

9. Consider the following countries:
1. Australia
2 Namibia
3. Brazil
4. Chile
Through which of the above does the Tropic of Capricorn pass?

A. 1 only
B. 2, 3 and 4
C. 1, 2 and 3
D. 1, 2, 3 and 4

10. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
City              River
A. Berlin           : Rhine
B. London         : Thames
C. New York      : Hudson
D. Vienna         : Danube

11. Cape Canaveral, the site from which space shuttles are
launched is located on the coast of

A. Florida
B. Virginia
C. North Carolina
D. South Carolina

12. Which one among the following South Asian countries has the
highest population density?

A. India
B. Nepal
C. Pakistan
D. Srilanka

13. Consider the following statements:
1. Infant mortality rate takes into account the death of infants within
a month after birth.
2. Infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths in a particular
year per 100 live births during that year.
Which of the above statements is/ are correct?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

14. In which one of the following places is the Shompen tribe found?

A. Nilgiri Hills
B. Nieobar Islands
C. Spiti Valley
D. Lakshadweep Islands

15. In India, which one of the following States has the largest inland
saline wetland?
A. Gujarat
B. Haryana
C. Madhya Pradesh
D. Rajasthan

16. Which one of the following rivers does not originate in India?

A. Beas
B. Chenab
C. Ravi
D. Sutlej

17. At which one of the following places two important rivers of India
originate; while one of them flows towards north and merges with
another important river flowing towards Bay of Bengal, the other one
flow towards Arabian Sea?

A. Amarkantak
B. Badrinath
C. Mahabaleshwar
D. Nasik

18. Consider the following statements:
1. There are no eastflowing rivers in Kerala
2 There are no west flowing rivers inMadhya Pradesh
Which of the above statements is/are

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

19. In India, the ports are categorized as major and non­major ports.
Which one of the following is a non­major port?
A. Kochi (Cochin)
B. Dahej
C. Paradip
D. New Mangalore

20. Which one of the following rivers does not originate in India?
A. Beas
B. Chenab
C. Ravi
D. Sutlej

21. Consider the following statements:
1. India does not have any deposits of Thorium
2 Kerala’s monazite sands contain Uranium
Which of the above statements is/ are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

22. Consider the following statements:
1. The first telegraph line in India was laid between Kolkata (formerly
Calcutta) and Diamond Harbour.
2. The first Export Processing Zone in India was set up in Kandla.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

paper -2008

1. In order of their distance from the Sun, which of the following planets lie
between Mars and Uranus ?

(a) Earth and Jupiter
(b) Jupiter and Saturn
(c)Saturn and Earth
(d) Saturn and Neptune

2. Consider the following statement:

1. The albedo of an object determines its visual brightness when viewed with
reflected light.
2. The albedo of Mercury is much greater than the albedo of the Earth
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 Only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

3. Which one amongst the following has the largest livestock population in the world?

(a) Brazil
(b) China
(c) India
(d) USA

4. In which one of the following is Malta located ?

(a) Baltic  Sea
(b) Mediterranean
(c) Black Sea
(d) North Sea

5.Which of the following countries share borders with Moldova?
1. Ukraine        2. Romania
3. Belarus
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

6. Consider the following statements :
1. Ajman is one of the seven Emirates of the UAE.
2. Ras al­khaimah was the last Sheikhdom to join the UAE.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

7. As per India’s National Population Policy,2000, by which one of the following
years is it our long­term objective to achieve population stabilization ?
(a) 2025
(b) 2035
(c) 2045
(d) 2055

8. For India, China the UK and the USA, which one of the following is the correct
sequence of the median age of their populations ?
(a) China < India < UK < USA
(b) India < China < USA < UK @
(c)  China < India < USA < UK
(d) India < China < UK < USA

9. What is the approximate percentage  of persons above 65 years of age in
India’s current population?
(a) 14­15%
(b) 11­12%
(c) 8­9%
(d) 5­6%

10. Which two countries follow China and India in the decreasing order of their
(a) Brazil and USA
(b) USA and Indonesia
(c) Canada and Malaysia
(d) Russia and Nigeria

11. Amongst the following States, Which one has the highest percentage of rural
population (on the basis of the Census,2001)?

(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Orrisa
(d) Uttar Pradesh

12.Which of the following are among the million­plus cities in India on the basis of
data of the Census,2001?
1. Ludhiana
2. Kochi
3. Surat
4. Nagpur

14. Among the following, which one has the minimum  population on the basis of
data of Census of India, 2001?
(a) Chandigarh
(b) Mizoram
(c) Puducherry
(d) Sikkim

15. Which one of the following is not essentially a species of the Himalayao
(a) Juniper
(b) Mahogany
(c) Silver fir
(d) Spruce

16. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the
Western Ghats meet?
(a) Anaimalai Hills
(b) Cardamon Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills
(d) Shevoroy Hills

17.Consider the following statements:
Tributary River     Main River
1. Chambal             : Narmada
2. Sone                : Yamuna
3. Manas               : Brahmaputra
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched ?

(a) 1,2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only

18.Consider the following statements:
1. Salt­water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2. Shrew and tapir are found in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

19.Which of the following pairs are­correctly matched?
Waterfalls         River
1. Kapildhara Falls           :Godavari
2. Jog Falls                  :Sharavati
3. Sivasamudram Falls      :Cauvery
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

20. Which of the  following pairs are correctly  matched ?
Irrigation  Project    State
1.    Damanganga      :   Gujarat
2.    Girma           :  Maharashtra
3.    Pamba           :  Kerala
Select the correct answer  using the code given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

21.Out of all the Biosphere Reserves in India. Four have recognized on the World
Network by UNESCO. Which one of the following is not one of them?

(a) Gulf of Mannar
(b) Knachejunga
(c) Nanda Devi
(d) Sunderbans

22. In India, How many States Share the coastline ?
(a) 7
(b) 8
(c) 9

23. Which one among the following has the maximum number of National Parks ?

(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Assam
(d) Meghalaya

24. which of the following pairs in respect of correct Power generation in India is/are
correctly matched ?

(Rounded Figure)
1. Installed electricity generation capacity  : 100000 MW
2. Electricity generation                           : 660 billion kWh
Select the correct answer using  the code given below :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

25. In which one of the following states are Namchik­ Namphuk Coalfields located ?

(a)  Arunachal  Pradesh
(b)  Meghalaya
(c)  Manipur
(d)  Mizoram

26. Which of the following minerals are found in a natural way in the State of

1. Bauxite
2. Dolomite
3. Iron ore
4. Tin
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1,2 and 3 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1 only

27. On which one of the following rivers is the Tehri Hydropower Complex located?

(a) Alaknanda
(b) Bhagirathi
(c) Dhauliganga
(d) Mandakini

28. Consider the following statements:
1. Chokmagalur is well­known for sugar production.
2.Mandya is well­known as a coffe­production region.
Which of the satatements given above is/ are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(b) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

29. Where are Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric Projects located?

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Uttrakhand
(d) Rajasthan

30. With which one of the following rivers is the Omkareshwar  Project associated ?

(a) Chambal
(b) Narmada
(c) Tapi
(d) Bhima

31. Match List­I with List­II and select the correct answer using the codes given
below the lists :
List­I (board)                        List­II(headquarters)
A. Coffee Board               1. Bangalore
B. Rubber Braod              2. Guntur
C. Tea Board                   3. Kotayam
D. Tobacco Board             4. Kolkata

A       B     C     D
(a)  2        4     3     1
(b)  1        3     4     2
(c)  2        3     4     1
(d)  1        4     3     2

paper -2007

1. what is the average distance (approximate) between the Sun
and the Earth /

(a) 70x105km
(b) 100x105km
(c) 110x106km
(d) 150x106km

2. which one of the following cities does not have the same clock
time as that of the other three cities at any given instant ?

(a) London (U.K)
(b) Lisbon (Portugal)
(c) Accra (Ghana)
(d) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

3. Consider the following statements

1.Either of the two belts over the oceans at about 300  to 350  N
ands S Latitudes is known as Horse Latitude.
2.Horse latitudes are low pressure belts.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) neither 1 nor 2

4. Which one among the following rivers is the longest?

(a) Amazon
(b) Amur
(c) Congo
(d) Lena

5. Consider the following statements:

1.The annual range of temperature is greater in the Pacific Ocean
than that in the Atlantic Ocean.
The annual range of temperature is greater in the Northern
Hemisphere than that in the Southern Hemisphere.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

6. Where is Copacabana Beach located ?

(a) Buenos Aires
(b) Hawaiian Islands
(c) Rio de Janeiro
(d) Valletta

7.Match List­I with List­II and select the correct answer using the
code given below the lists :
List_I(City)            List­II(River)
A.     Bangkok                   1. Irrawaddy
B.    Phnom­penh                2. Mekong
C.    Hanoi                       3. Menam (chao Phraya)
D.    Yangon                     4. Red River

A        B      C     D
(a)    3        2       4     1
(b)    4        1       3     2
(c)    3        1       4     2
(d)   4        2       3     1

8. Through which one of the following Straits, does a tunnel
connect the United Kingdom and France ?

(a) Davis Strait
(b) Denmark Strait
(c) Strait of dover
(d) Strait of Gibraltar

9.The largest coral  reef in the world is found near the coast of
which one of the following countries?

(a) Australia
(b) Cuba
(c) Ghana
(d) Philippines

10. Which one omong the following States of India has the Lowest
density of population ?

(a) Himachal  Pradesh
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Sikkim

11. Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip ?

(a) Simlipal National Park
(b) Periyar Wilddlife Sanctuary
(c)  manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
(d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

12.Where were Shevaroy Hills located ?

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Karnataka
(c) Kerla
(d) Tamil Nadu

13. Which one of the following rivers orininates at Amarkantak ?

(a) Damodar
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Narmada
(d) Tapti

14. Which one of the following is located is located in the
Bastar  region ?

(a) Bandhavgarh National Park
(b) Dundeli Sanctuary
(c)  Rajai National Park
(d) Indravati  National Park

15. Consider the following statements :
1. In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the Western Himalayasonly.
2. In India, Slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

16.Match List­I with List­II and select the correct answer using  the
code given below the lists :
List­I (Town)        List­II( River Nearer to it)
A. Betul                1. Indravati
B. Jagdalpur         2.Narmada
C. Jabalpur          3.Shipra
D. Ujjain              4.Tapti

A     B       C    D
(a)      1     4       2    3
(b)   4     1       2    3
(c)      4     1       3    2
(d)   1     4       3    2

17. In which State is the Guru Shikhar Peak located ?

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Gujarat
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Maharashtra

18.The Stilwell Road, built in 1940s, which was recently in news, connects which of the following ?

(a) Agartala in India and Yangon in Myanmar via Bangladesh
(b) Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar
(c) Kalimpong in India and Lhasa in Tibet via Bhutan
(d) Imphal in India and Bangkok in Thailand via Myanmar

19.Out of the four southern States : Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which shares boundaries with the maximum
number of Indian States ?

(a) Andhra Pradesh Only
(b) Karnataka Only
(c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
(d) Each of Tamil Nadu and Kerala

20. With reference to the steel industry in India in the recent times,
consider the following statements:
1. Vizag Steel Plant (RINL) has been declared Mini Ratna.
2. Merger of IISO with SAIL has been completed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

21. In which one of the following districts, have large reserves of
diamond­bearing kimberlite been discovered in the recent past ?

(a) Hoshangabad
(b) Raipur
(c) Sambalpur
(d) Warangal

22.Which one of the following National Highways passes through
Maharashtra Chhattisgarh and Orissa ?

(a) NH 4
(b) NH 5
(c) Nh 6
(d) NH 7

23. Consider the following statements :
1. Balaghat is known for its diamond mines.
2. Majhgawan is known for its manganese deposits.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

24. Which one among the following major Indian cities is most
eastward located ?

(a) Hyderabad
(b) Bhopal
(c) Lucknow
(d) Benguluru (Bangalore)

25. Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following ?
(a) Cashew nut
(b) Coffee
(c) Tea
(d) Rosewood

26. Match List­I with List­II and select the correct answer using the
code given below the lists:
List­I (Aluminium Company)                List­Ii (Location)
A.BALCO                                                1. Hirakud
B.HINDALCO                                             2. Korba
C.Indian Aluminium Company                     3.Koraput
4. Renukoot
A     B       C      D
(a)   3     1        4      2
(b)   2     4      1      3
(c)   3     4        1      2
(d)   2     1      4      3

27.Shahgarh area in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan was in news in the year 2006 because of  which one of the following?

(a) Finding high quality gas reserves
(b) Finding uranium deposits
(c) Finding Zinc deposits
(d) Installation of wind power units

28. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the
decreasing order of production ( in million tones) of the given
foodgrains in India ?

(a) Wheat­Rice­Pulses­Coarse cereals
(b) Rice­Wheat­Pulses­Coarse­cereals
(c)  Wheat­Rice­Coarse cereals­Pulses
(d) Rice­Wheat­Pulses­Coarse­Pulses

paper -2006

1. What is the approximate mean velocity with which the Earth
moves round the Sun in its orbit ?

(a) 20 km/s
(b) 30 km/s
(c) 40 km/s
(d) 50 km/s

2. Consider the following statements

1. The Richter scale is a logarithmic scale and so an increase of 1
magnitude unit represents a factor of 10 times in amplitude.
2. Each integer reading of the Richter scale has an energy 100
times that of the previous integer reading.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

3. In which one of the following oceans is Diamantina Trench
situated ?
(a) Pacific Ocean
(b) Atlantic Ocean
(c) Indian Ocean
(d) Arctic Ocean

4. Through which one of the following groups of countries
does the Equator pass ?
(a) Brazil, Zambia and Malaysia
(b) Colombia, Kenya and Indonesia
(c) Brazil, Sudan and Malaysia
(d) Venezuela, Ethiopia and Indonesia

5. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?

(a) Slovenia : Bratislava
(b) Seychelles : Victoria
(c) Sierra Leone : Freetown
(d) Uzbekistan : Tashkent

6. Consider the following statements :
1. Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile.
2. Harmattan is a dusty land­wind of the East African Coast.
3. Greece and Albania from a part of the Iberian Peninsula.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3, only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 only

7. Claims to the historical Macedonian territory have been a
bone of contention between which of the following countries?

(a) Portugal and Spain
(b) Bulgaria and Greece
(c) Romania and Bulgaria
(d) Portugal and Greece

8. Huangpu River flows through which one of the following
(a) Beijing
(b) Ho Chi Minh City
(c) Shanghai
(d) Manila

9.Which one of the following countries is the leading
producer of uranium?

(a) United States of America
(b) Canada
(c) Germany
(d) Zambia

10. Which one of the following countries does not have border
with Lithuania?

(a) Poland
(b) Ukraine
(c) Belarus
(d) Latvia

11. Where are the Balearic Islands located?

(a) Mediterranean Sea
(b) Black Sea
(c) Baltic Sea
(d) North Sea

12. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the
given town of Pakistan while moving from the North towards the
(a) Islamabad­Gujranwala­Peshawar­Multan
(b) Peshawar­Gujranwala­Multan­Islamabad
(c) Peshawar­Islamabad­Gujranwala­Multan
(d) Islamabad­Multan­Peshawar­Gujranwala

13. Which pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Bahamas Nassau
(b) Costa Rica San Jose
(c) Nicaragua Belmopan
(d) Dominican Republic Santo Domingo

14. Match List­I (City) with List­II (River) and select the correct
answer using the code given below the lists :
List I List II
A. Washington DC 1. River Manzanares
B. Berlin 2. River Seine
C. Paris 3. River Spree
D. Madrid 4. River Potomac
(a) 2 3 4 1
(b) 4 1 2 3
(c) 2 1 4 3
(d) 4 3 2 1

15. In which one of the following countries, is Tamil a major

(a) Myanmar
(b) Indonesia
(c) Mauritius
(d) Singapore

16. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the
given Continents in the decreasing order of their percentage of
earth’s land?
(a) North America­Africa­South America­Europe
(b) Africa­North America­South America­Europe @
(c) North America­Africa­Europe­South America
(d) Africa­North America­Europe­South America

17. For which one of the following countries, is Spanish not an
official language?
(a) Chile
(b) Colombia
(c) Republic of Congo
(d) Cuba

18. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Seikan Rail Tunnel : China
(b) Petronas Tower : Malaysia
(c) Apalachian Trail : United States of America
(d) Rogun Dam : Tajikistan

19. Which one of the following cities is not a former capital of the
given country (country given in the brackets)?

(a) Karachi (Pakistan)
(b) Auckland (New Zealand)
(c) Kyoto (Japan)
(d) Brisbane (Australia)

20. Itaipu Dam built on the River Parana is one of the largest
dams in the world. Which of the following two countries have this as
a joint project?

(a) Brazil and Peru
(b) Paraguay and Ecuador
(c) Brazil and Paraguay
(d) Colombia and Paraguay

21. Which pairs is not correctly matched?

Current Name Old Name
(a) Harare Salisbury
(b) Ethiopia Abyssinia
(c) Ghana Dutch Guiana @
(d) Kinshasa Leopoldville

22. Where is the volcanic mountain, Mount St. Helens located?

(a) Chile
(b) Japan
(c) Philippines
(d) USA

23. Consider the following statements :
1. Great Britain Comprises England, Wales, Scotland and Northern
2. England coves less than 60% of the total area of the United
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

24. Consider the following statements :
1. According to the Census 2001, Kerala has the smallest gap in
male and female literacy rates among the 28 states of India (Delhi
and Pondicherry not included).
2. According to the Census 2001, Rajasthan has literacy rate above
the national average literacy rate
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

25. Match List . 1 with List . II and select the correct answer
using the code given below the lists :
List . I
(National Park/ Wildlife Sanctuary)
A. Chandra Prabha
B. Karera
C. Jaisamand
D. Nahargarh

List . II
(Nearby Town)
1. Jaipur
2. Jhansi
3. Agra
4. Varanasi
5. Udaipur

(a) 4 1 5 2
(b) 5 2 3 1
(c) 4 2 5 1
(d) 5 1 3 2

26. Match List­1 with List­II and select .the correct answer using
the code given below the lists :
List .I (Valley)
A. Markha Valley
B. Dzukou Valley
C. Sangla Valley
D. Yumthang Valley
List­II (State)
1. Sikkim
2. Himachal Pradesh
3. Jammu and Kashmir
4. Nagaland

Codes :
(a) 2 4 3 1
(b) 3 1 2 4
(c) 2 1 3 4
(d) 3 4 2 1

27. From north towards South, which one of the following is the
correct sequence of the given rivers in India ?

(a) Shyok ­ Spiti ­ Zaskar ­ Satluj
(b) Shyok ­ Zaskar ­ Spiti ­ Satluj
(c) Zaskar ­ Shyok ­ Satluj ­ Spiti
(d) Zaskar ­ Satluj ­ Shyok ­ Spiti

28.Which of the following substances are found in the beach
sands of many parts of Kerala?

1. Ilmenite
2. Zircon
3. Silimanite
4. Tungsten

Select the correct answer using the code given belwo :
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1 and 2 only

29. Consider the following statements:
1. Assam shares a border with Bhutal and Bangladesh.
2. West Bengal shares a border with Bhutan and Nepal
3. Mizoram shares a border with Bangladesh and Myanmar
Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2, only
(c) 2 and 3, only
(d) 1 and 3, only

30. Consider the following statements :
1. Sikkim has the minimum area among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included).
2. Chandigarh has the highest literacy rate among Pondicherry, NCT of Delhi and other Union Territories.
3. Maharashtra has the highest population after Uttar Pradesh among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 only
(d) 3 only

paper -2005

1.The same face of the Moon is always presented to the Earth.
Reason (R):
The Moon rotates about its own axis in 23 days which is about the
same time that takes to orbit the Earth.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is not the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

2. (A):Existence of human life on Venus is highly improbable.
Reason (R):
Venus has extremely high level of carbon dioxide in its atmosphere

(a) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

3. Consider the following statements:
(1) Total land area of earth is approximately 1475 lakh square
(2) Ratio of land area to water area of earth is approximately 1 : 4.
(3) Maximum percentage of earth’s water is in the Pacific Ocean.
Which of the statements given above is are correct?

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 only
(d) 3 only

4. Consider the following statements:
1. The axis of the earth magnetic field is inclined at 23 to the
geographic axis of the earth.
2. The earth’s magnetic pole in the northern hemisphere is located
on a peninsula in northern Canada.
3. Earth’s magnetic equator passes through Thumna in South India.
Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 2 only
(d) 3 only

5. Assertion (A):
Wind patterns are clockwise in the northern hemisphere and
anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere.
Reason (R):
The directions of wind patterns in the northern and the southern
hemisphere are governed by the Coriolis effect.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both (A) and (R) are individually true and R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

6. According to the Census 2001, which one of the following
Indian States has the maximum population in India after Uttar

(a) West Bengal
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Bihar
(d) Tamil Nadu

7. Which of the following statements is not correct?

(a) There is no definition of the Scheduled Tribe in the Constitution
of India.
(b) North­East India accounts for a little over half of the country’s tribal population.
(c) The people known as Todas live in the Nilgiri area.
(d) Lotha is a language spoken in Nagaland.

8. Consider the following :
1. India is the second country in the world to adopt a National Family
Planning Programme
2. The National Population Policy of India 2000 seeks to achieve
replacement level of fertility by 2010 with a population of 111 crores.
3. Kerala is the first state in India to achieve replacement level of
Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

9. Which one of the following is the correct statement on the basis
of Census­ 2001?
(a) Bihar has the highest percentage of the Scheduled Caste of its
(b) The decadal growth of population of India (1991­2001) has been
below 20%
(c) Mizoram is the Indian State with the least population
(d) Pondicherry has the highest sex ration among the Union Territories

10. Consider the following :
1. Area wise, Chattisgarh is larger than West Bengal.
2. According to the Population 2001 Census, Population of West
Bengal is larger than that of Chattisgarh.
Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

11. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given
hills starting from the north and going towards the south?

(a) Nallamalai Hills­Nilgiri Hills­Javadi Hills­Anaimalai Hills
(b) Anaimalai Hills­Javadi Hills­Nilgiri Hills­Nallamalai Hills
(c) Nallamalai Hills­Javadi Hills­Nilgiri Hills­Anaimalai Hills
(d) Anaimalai Hills­Nilgiri Hills­Javadi Hills­Nallamalai Hills

12. Which of the following statements is not correct?

(a) The Western Ghats are relatively higher in their northern region.
(b) The Anai Mudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.
(c) Tapi river lies to the south of Satpura.
(d) The Narmada and the Tapi river valleys are said to be old rift

13. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given
Indian Cities in the decreasing order of their normal annual rainfall?

(a) Kochi­Kolkata­Delhi­Patna
(b) Kolkata­Kochi­Patna­Delhi
(c) Kochi­Kolkata­Patna­Delhi
(d) Kolkata­Kochi­Delhi­Patna

14. Which of the following States border Uttar Pradesh?
1. Punjab
2. Rajasthan
3. Chattisgarh
4. Jharkhand
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 1 and 3

15. Match List­I (National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary) with List­II
(State) and select the correct answer using the code given below the
List I List II
(A) Bondle Wildlife Sanctuary (1) Orissa
(B) Kangerghat National Park (2) Assam
(C) Orang Sanctuary (3) Chhattisgarh
(D) Ushakothi Wildlife Sanctuary (4) Goa
(5) Tripura

(a) 2 1 5 3
(b) 4 3 2 1
(c) 2 3 5 1
(d) 4 1 2 3

16. For which one of the following, is Satara well­known?
(a) Thermal power plant
(b) Wind energy plant
(c) Hydro electric plant
(d) Nuclear power plant

17. For which one of the following items, is Tirupur well­known as a huge exporter to many parts of the world?

(a) Gems and Jewellery
(b) Leather goods
(c) Knitted garments
(d) Handcrafts

18. Consider the following statements :
1. The forest cover in India constitutes around 20% of its
geographical area. Out of the total forest cover, dense forest
constitutes around 40%.
2. The National Forestry Action Programme aims at bringing onethird
of the area of India under tree/forest cover.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

19. Match List­I (Atomic Power Plants/ Heavy Water Plants) with
List­II (State) and select the correct answer using the code given
below the list:
List I List II
A. Thai 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Manuguru 2. Gujarat
C. Kakrapar 3. Maharashtra
D. Kaiga 4. Rajasthan
5. Karnataka

(a) 2 1 4 5
(b) 3 5 2 1
(c) 2 5 4 1
(d) 3 1 2 5

20. Match items in the List­I (Power Station) with those in the List­II
(State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below
the list:
List I List II
A. Kothagudem 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Raichur 2. Gujarat
C. Mettur 3. Karnataka
D. Wanakbori 4. Tamil Nadu

(a) 4 2 1 3
(b) 1 3 4 2
(c) 4 3 1 2
(d) 1 2 4 3

21. Consider the following statements:
1. Silent Valley National Park is in the Nallamalai range.
2. Pathrakkadavu Hydroelectric project is proposed to be built near
the Silent Valley National Park.
3. The Kunthi river originates in Silent Valley’s rainforests.
Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

22. Consider the following statements:
1. India is the only country in the world producing all the five known
commercial varieties of silk.
2. India is the largest producer of sugar in the world.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

23. Gandhi Sagar Dam is a part of which one of the following?

(a) Chambal Project
(b) Kosi Project
(c) Damador Valley Project
(d) Bhakra Nangal Project

24. Which one of the following is not a Biosphere Reserve?

(a) Agasthyamalai
(b) Nallamalai
(c) Nilgiri
(d) Panchmarhi

paper -2004

1. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Cirrus clouds are composed of ice crystals.
(b) Cirrus clouds exhibit a flat base and have the appearance of rising domes.
(c) Cumulus clouds are white and thin, and form delicate patches
and give a fibrous and feathery appearance.
(d) Cumulus clouds are classified as high clouds.

2. Assertion (A):
The thickness of the atmosphere is maximum over the Equator.
Reason (R):
High insolation and strong convection currents occur over the

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

3. Consider the following geological phenomena :

1. Development of a fault
2. Movement along a fault
3. Impact produced by a volcanic eruption
4. Folding of rocks
Which of the above cause earthquakes?

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

4. The great Asian river Mekong does run through :

(a) China
(b) Malaysia
(c) Cambodia
(d) Laos

5. Latvia does share its borders with which one of the following countries?

(a) Russia
(b) Estonia
(c) Lithuania
(d) Poland

6. Match List­I (State / Province / Overseas Territory), with List­II
(Country) and select the correct answer using the codes given below
the Lists:

List­I List­II
(State/Province/ Overseas Territory) (Country)
A. British Colombia 1. USA
B. Bavaria 2. UK
C. Gibraltar 3. Canada
D. Rhode Island 4. Germany
5. Denmark

(a) 1 2 5 3
(b) 3 4 2 1
(c) 1 4 2 3
(d) 3 2 5 1

7. Match List­I (Sea) with List­ II (Country) and select the correct
answer using the codes given below the Lists :

List­I List­II
(Sea) (Country)
A. Black Sea 1. Bulgaria
B. Red Sea 2. China
C. Yellow Sea 3. Eritrea
D. Caspian Sea 4. Kazakhstan
(a) 1 4 2 3
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 1 3 2 4
(d) 2 4 1 3

8. Which one of the following does not border Panama?

(a) Costa Rica
(b) Pacific Ocean
(c) Colombia
(d) Venezuela

9. The waterfall ‘Victoria’ is associated with the river
(a) Amazon
(b) Missouri
(c) St Lawrence
(d) Zambezi

10. Which one of the following countries does NOT border the
Caspian Sea?

(a) Armenia
(b) Azerbaijan
(c) Kazakhstan
(d) Turkmenistan

11. Which one among the following covers the highest percentage
of forest area in the world?

(a) Temperate Coniferous forests
(b) Temperate Deciduous forests
(c) Tropical Monsoon forests
(d) Tropical Rain forests

12. Israel has common borders with

(a) Lebanon, Syria. Jordan and Egypt
(b) Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and Jordan
(c) Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan and Egypt
(d) Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Yemen

13. Which one of the following countries is land locked?

(a) Bolivia
(b) Peru
(c) Suriname
(d) Uruguay

14. In which one of the following union territories, do the people of
the Onge tribe live?

(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(c) Daman and Diu
(d) Lakshadweep

15. Consider the following statements:
As per 2001 Census
1. The two States with the lowest sex ratio are Haryana and Punjab.
2. The two States with the lowest population per sq km of area are
Meghalaya and Mizoram.
3. Kerala has both the highest literacy rate and sex ratio.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 3 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 2
(d) 1 and 3

16. Consider the following international languages :
1. Arabic
2. French
3. Spanish
The correct sequence of the languages given above in the
decreasing order of the number of their speakers is :

(a) 3­1­2
(b) 1­3­2
(c) 3­2­1
(d) 1­2­3

17. Consider the following:
1. Mahadeo Hills
2. Sahyadri Parvat
3. Satpura Range

What is the correct sequence of the above from the north to the
(a) 1­2­3
(b) 2­1­3
(c) 1­3­2
(d) 2­3­1

18. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Gulfs with narrow fronts and wider rears experience high tides.
(b) Tidal currents take place when a gulf is connected with the open
sea by a narrow channel.
(c) Tidal bore occurs when a tide enters the narrow and shallow
estuary of a river.
(d) The tidal nature of the mouth of the river Hooghly is of crucial
importance to Kolkata as port.

19. Match List­I (National Park/Sanctuary) with List­II (state) and
select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
List­I List­II
(National Park Sanctuary) (State)
A. Kanger Ghati National Park 1. Chhattisgarh
B. Nagerhole National Park 2. Haryana
C. Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary 3. Himachal Pradesh
D. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary 4. Karnataka

(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 1 4 3 2
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 1 2 3 4

20. Amongst the following Indian States which one has the
minimum total forest cover?

(a) Sikkim
(b) Goa
(c) Haryana
(d) Kerala

21. Match List­I (Beaches in India) with List­II (States) and select
the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
List­I List­II
(Beaches in India) (States)
A. Gopnath Beach 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Lawsons Bay Beach 2. Kerala
C. Devbagh Beach 3. Gujarat
D. Sinquerim Beach 4. Goa
5. Karnataka

Codes :
(a) 5 4 2 1
(b) 3 1 5 4
(c) 5 1 2 4
(d) 3 4 5 1

22. Match List­I (Biosphere Reserves) with List­II (States) and
select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
List­I List­II
(Biosphere Reserves) (States)
A. Similipal 1. Sikkim
B. Dehong 2. Uttaranchal Deband
C. Nokrek 3. Arunachal Pradesh
D. Kanchenjunga 4. Orissa
5 . Meghalaya
Codes :

(a) 1 3 5 4
(b) 4 5 2 1
(c) 1 5 2 4
(d) 4 3 5 1

23. Lake Sambhar is nearest to which one of the following cities of Rajasthan?

(a) Bharatpur
(b) Jaipur
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Udaipur

24. Consider the following statements:
Among the Indian States
1. Andhra Pradesh has the longest coastline.
2. Gujarat has the highest number of airports.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

25. Which among the following National Highway routes is the
(a) Agra­Mumbai
(b) Chennai­Thane
(c) Kolkata­Hajira
(d) Pune­Machilipatnam

26.Match List­I (Minerals) with List­II (Location) and select the
correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
List­I List­II
(Minerals) (Location)
A. Coal 1. Giridih
B. Copper 2. Jayamkondam
C. Manganese 3. Alwar
D. Lignite 4. Dharwar
(a) 1 4 3 2
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 1 3 4 2
(d) 2 4 3 1

27. Consider the following crops :
1. Cotton
2. Groundnut
3. Maize
4. Mustard

Which of the above are Kharif crops?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

paper -2003

1.Among the following which planet takes maximum time for
one revolution around the Sun?

(a) Earth
(b) Jupiter
(c) Mars
(d) Venus

2. Assertion (A):
The amount of moisture in the atmosphere is related to latitude.
Reason (R):
The capacity to hold moisture in the form of water vapour is related
to temperature.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

3. Assertion (A):
Unlike temperate forests, the tropical rain forests, if cleared, can
yield productive farm­land that can support intensive agriculture for
several years even without chemical fertilizers.
Reason (R):
The primary productivity of the tropical rain forest is very high when
compared to that of the temperature forests.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

4. Assertion (A):
Areas lying within five to eight degrees latitude on either side of the
equator receive rainfall throughout the year.
Reason (R):
High temperatures and high humidity cause convectional rain to fall
mostly in the afternoons near the equator.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correcexplanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

5.The weight of a body decreases with the increase of latitude on
Reason (R):
The earth is not perfect sphere

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

6. Which among the following countries has the largest population?

(a) Indonesia
(b) Japan
(c) Pakistan
(d) Sudan

7. Which one among the following State has the highest female
literacy rate as per the Census 2001?

(a) Chhattisgarh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Orissa
(d) Rajasthan

8. Which one among the following languages has largest number
of speakers in the world?

(a) Bengali
(b) French
(c) Japanese
(d) Portuguese

9. Which amongst the following States has the highest
population density as per Census 2001?
(a) Kerala
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

10. Nanda Devi peak forms a part of

(a) Assam Himalayas
(b) Kumaon Himalayas
(c) Nepal Himalayas
(d) Punjab Himalayas

11. What is the correct sequence of the rivers—Godavari,
Mahanadi, Narmada and Tapi in the descending order of their

(a) Godavari—Mahanadi—Narmada—Tapi
(b) Godavari—Narmada—Mahanadi—Tapi
(c) Narmada—Godavari—Tapi—Mahanadi
(d) Narmada—Tapi—Godavari—Mahandai

12. Among the following cities, which one is at the highest altitude above mean sea level?
(a) Bangalore
(b) Delhi
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Nagpur

13. Consider the following statements:
1. Longitude of Jabalpur’s location is between those of Indore and Bhopal
2. Latitude of Aurangabad’s location is between those of Vadodara and Pune
3. Bangalore is situated more southward than Chennai.
Which of these statements is/are?
(a) 1 and 3
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

14. Which one among the following States is smallest in area?
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Gujarat
(c) Karnataka
(d) Tamil Nadu

15. Among the following cities, which one is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer?

(a) Delhi
(b) Kolkata
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Nagpur

16. Which one among the following State has the highest female
literacy rate as per the Census 2001?
(a) Chhattisgarh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Orissa
(d) Rajasthan

17. Which one among the following has the largest shipyard in India?

(a) Kolkata
(b) Kochi
(c) Mumbai
(d) Visakhapatnam

18. Consider the following statements
1. India is the original home of the cotton plant.
2. India is the first country in the world to develop hybrid cotton
variety leading to increased production.
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

paper -2002

1. Which one of the following statements is correct with reference
to our solar system?

(a) The Earth is the densest of all the planets in our solar system
(b) The predominant element in the composition of Earth is silicon
(c) The Sun contains 75 per cent of the mass of the solar system
(d) The diameter of the Sun is 190 times that of the Earth

2. Consider the following statements :

1. In equatorial regions, the year is divided into four main seasons
2. In Mediterranean region, summer receives more rain
3. In China type climate, rainfall occurs throughout the year
4. Tropical highlands exhibit vertical zonation of different climates
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) 3 and 4

3. Assertion (A) :
60°­65° latitudes in both the hemispheres have a low pressure belt
instead of high pressure.
Reason (R) :
The low pressure areas are permanent over oceans rather than on

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

4. Assertion (A) :
The surface winds spiral inwards upon the centre of the cyclone.
Reason (R) :
Air descends in the centre of the cyclone.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

5. Consider the following climatic and geographical phenomena:
1. Condensation
2. High temperature and humidity
3. Orography
4. Vertical wind
Thunder Cloud development is due to which of these phenomena?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

6. For short­term climate prediction, which one of the following
events, detected in the last decade, is associated with occasional
weak monsoon rains in the India subcontinent?
(a) La Nina
(b) Movement of Jet Streams
(c) El Nino and Southern Oscillations
(d) Greenhouse effects on global level

7. Consider the following statements:
1. Ocean currents are the slow­surface movement of water in the
2. Ocean currents assist in maintaining the Earth’s heat balance.
3. Ocean currents are set in motion primarily by prevailing winds.
4. Ocean currents are affected by the configuration of the ocean.
Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

8. Sun’s halo is produced by the refraction of light in

(a) Water vapour, in Stratus clouds
(b) Ice crystals in Cirro­Cumulus clouds
(c) Ice crystals in Cirrus clouds
(d) Dust particles in Stratus clouds

Consider the following ecosystems:
1. Taiga
2. Tropical evergreen
3. Tropical deciduous
4. Tundra
The correct sequence in decreasing order of the albedo values of
these ecosystems is

(a) 1, 4, 3, 2
(b) 4, 1, 2, 3
(c) 4, 1, 3, 2
(d) 1, 4, 2, 3

9. In the map given below, four islands of Indian Ocean region i.e.
(A) Seychelles, (B) Chagos, (C) Mauritius and (D) Socatra are
marked as 1, 2, 3 and 4. Match them and select the correct answer
from the codes given below.
(a) 1 3 4 2
(b) 3 1 2 4
(c) 1 3 2 4
(d) 3 1 4 2

10. Consider the following countries:
1. Albaina
2. Bosnia Herzegovina
3. Croatia
4. Macedonia
Which of these countries has/have Adriatic Sea as a boundary?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 4 only
(d) 3 and 4

11. Match List I (Ethnic Community) with List II (Country ) and
select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
List I List II
(Ethnic community) (Country)
A. Apatani 1. China
B. Dayak 2. India
C. Dinka 3. Indonesia
D. Uighur 4. Sudan
(a) 2 3 4 1
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 2 3 1 4
(d) 3 2 1 4

12. Berber speaking community, frequently in the news, lives in

(a) Afghanistan
(b) Algeria
(c) Argentina
(d) Australia

13. Consider the following countries :

1. Brazil
2. Indonesia
3. Japan
4. Russia
What is the descending order of the size of the following countries
population wise ?
(a) 1, 2, 4, 3
(b) 2, 3, 1, 4
(c) 2, 1, 4, 3
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4

14. Consider the following countries of South Asia
(a) Bangladesh
(b) India
(c) Pakistan
(d) Sri Lanka
The descending order of literacy status of these countries is
(a) 4, 2, 1, 3
(b) 2, 4, 3, 1
(c) 4, 2, 3, 1
(d) 2, 4, 1, 3

15. The sea coast of which one of the following states has
become famous as a nesting place for the giant Olive Ridley turtles
from South America?
(a) Goa
(b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa
(d) Tamil Nadu

16. The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is
26oC, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range of
temperature is 9oC. The station in Q is

(a) Allahabad
(b) Chennai
(c) Cherrapunji
(d) Kolkata

17. With reference to India, which one the following statements iscorrect?

(a) About one­third of the area of the country records more than 750 millimeters of annual rainfall
(b) The dominant source of irrigation in the country is wells
(c) Alluvial soil is the predominant type of soil in the northern plansof the country
(d) The mountain areas accounts for about thirty percent of thesurface area of the country

18. Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long
roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in
(a) Eastern Orissa
(b) North­Eastern Tamil Nadu
(c) Siwaliks an Terai region
(d) Western Andhra Pradesh

19. Which one of the following is a lagoon?
(a) Ashtamudi lake
(b) Chilka lake
(c) Preiyar lake
(d) Pulicat lake

20. Match List I (Mangrove ) with List II (State) and select the
correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
List I List II
(Mangrove) (State)
A. Achra Ratnagiri 1. Karnataka
B. Coondapur 2. Kerala
C. Pichavaram 3. Andhra Pradesh
D. Vembanad 4. Maharashtra
5. Tamil Nadu
(a) 2 1 5 4
(b) 4 5 3 2
(c) 2 5 3 4
(d) 4 1 5 2

21. The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is

(a) Subranarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishana, Pennar, Cauveryand Vagai
(b) Subranarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagai Pennar
(c) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennarand vagai
(d) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagaiand Pennar

22. HINDALCO, an aluminium factory located at Renukut owes its site basically to
(a) proximity of raw materials
(b) abundant supply of power
(c) efficient transport network
(d) proximity to the market

23. With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the
following statements:
1. Indian railways system is the largest in the world.
2. National Highways cater to 45 per cent of the total road transport demand.
3. Among the states, Kerala has the highest density of surface road.
4. National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country.
Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 2 and 4

24. Consider the following high yielding varieties of crops in India :
1. Arjun
2. Jaya
3. Padma
4. Sonalika
Which of these are wheat ?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 3 and 4

25. With reference to Indian agriculture, which one of the following
statements is correct?
(a) About 90 per cent of the area under pulses in India is rainfed.
(b) The share of pulses in the gross cropped area at the national level has double in the last two decades
(c) India accounts for about 15 per cent of the total area under rice in the world
(d) Rice occupies about 34 per cent of the gross cropped area of India

paper -2001

1. If the stars are seen to rise perpendicular to the horizon by an
observer, he is located on the

(a) Equator
(b) Tropic of Cancer
(c) South Pole
(d) North Pole

2. Consider the following statements :
I. Most magmas are a combination of liquid, solid and gas.
II. Water vapour and carbon dioxide are the principal gases dissolved in a
III. Basaltic magma is hotter than the silicic magma.
IV. The magma solidified between sedimentary rocks in a horizontal
position is known as dike.
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I, II and III
(b) II, III and IV
(c) I and IV
(d) I, II and IV

3. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes
given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Local Wind) (Region)
I. Fohn (A) Argentina
II. Samun (B) Kurdistan
III. Santa Ana (C) California
IV. Zonda (D) Alps

(a) I­B, II­D, III­A, IV­C
(b) I­D, II­B, III­C, IV­A
(c) I­B, II­D, III­C, IV­A
(d) I­D, II­B, III­A, IV­C

4. Consider the following statements regarding the earthquakes :
I. The intensity of earthquake is measured on Mercalli scale.
II. The magnitude of an earthquake is a measure of energy released.
III. Earthquake magnitudes are based on direct measurements of the
amplitude of seismic waves.
IV. In the Richter scale, each whole number demonstrates a hundredfold
increase in the amount of energy released.
“Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I, II and III
(b) II, III and IV
(c) I and IV
(d) I and III

5. Cloudy nights are warmer compared to clear cloudless nights,
because clouds
(a) prevent cold waves from the sky from descending on Earth
(b) reflect back heat given off by Earth
(c) produce heat and radiate it towards Earth
(d) absorb heat from the atmosphere and send it towards Earth

6. Consider the following statements made about the sedimentary rocks :
I. Sedimentary rocks are formed at Earth’s surface by the hydrological
II. The formation of sedimentary rocks involves the weathering of preexisting
III. Sedimentary rocks contain fossils.
IV. Sedimentary rocks typically occur in layers.
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I and II
(b) I and IV
(c) II, III and IV
(d) I, II, III and IV

7. Which of the following weather conditions is indicated by a sudden
fall in barometer reading ?

(a) Stormy weather
(b) Calm weather
(c) Cold and dry weather
(d) Hot and sunny Weather

8. Quartizite is metamorphosed from
(a) Limestone
(b) Obsidian
(c) Sandstone
(d) Shale

9. Identify the correct order of the processes of soil­erosion from the

(a) Splash erosion, Sheet erosion, Rill erosion, Gully erosion
(b) Sheet erosion, Splash erosion, Gully erosion, Rill erosion
(c) Rill erosion, Gully erosion, Sheet erosion, Splash erosion
(d) Gully erosion, Rill erosion, Sheet erosion, Splash erosion

10. The temperature and rainfall of a meteorological station are given
Average Temperature : 12.8 °C
Average Rainfall : 54.9 cm per annum
Identify the region having the above climatic pattern from amongst the
following :

(a) Mediterranean region
(b) Monsoon region
(c) Steppe region
(d) N.W. European region

11. The given map shows four towns of Central Asian region marked as 1,
2, 3, and 4. Identify these from the following list and select the correct
answer using the codes given below :
A. Bishkek
B. Ashkhabad
C. Tashkent
D. Dushanbe
Codes :
(a) A­3, B­1, C­3, D­4
(b) A­3, B­1, C­4, D­2
(c) A­1, B­3, C­2, D­4
(d) A­1, B­3, C­4, D­2

12. Volcanic eruptions do not occur in the

(a) Baltic Sea
(b) Black Sea
(c) Caribbean Sea
(d) Caspian Sea

13. The high density of population in Nile Valley and Island of Java is
primarily due to
(a) intensive agriculture
(b) industrialisation
(c) urbanisation
(d) topographic constraints

14. Consider the decadal Census data given below:
Decadal Population (in millions)
1961 10.7
1971 14.3
1981 16.2
1991 18.9
The above data refer to which one of the ‘Population by Religion’ Groups ?

(a) Sikhs
(b) Jains
(c) Christians
(d) Buddhists

15. The largest number of Buddhists is found in

(a) Bihar
(b) Karnataka
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Uttar Pradesh

In the shaded area of the above map, the mean temperature for the month
of July varies between

(a) 22.5 °C — 25.0 °C
(b) 25.0 °C — 27.5 °C
(c) 27.5 °C — 30.0 °C
(d) 30.0 °C — 32.5 °C

16. Assertion (A):
Anti­cyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric
pressure is high and air temperatures are low.
Reason (R):

Winter rainfall in Northern India causes development of anticyclonic
conditions with low temperatures.
(a) Both A and R are individually true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is fasle, but R is true

17. Consider the following statements regarding environment issues of
I. Gulf of Manner is one of the biosphere reserves.
II. The Ganga Action Plan, phase II has been merged with the National River Conservation Plan.
III. The National Museum of Natural History at New Delhi imparts nonformal education in environment and conservation.
IV. Environmental Information System (ENVIS) acts as a decentralise information network for environmental information.

Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) I, II and IV
(b) I, II, III and IV
(c) II and III
(d) I, III and IV

18. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is

(a) 370 million years
(b) 470 million years
(c) 570 million years
(d) 670 million years

19. The above map is the Union Territory of

(a) Chandigarh
(b) Daman and Diu
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(d) Pondicherry

paper -2000

1. A ‘black hole’ is a body in space which does not allow any
radiation to come out. This property is due to its
(a) very small size
(b) very large size
(c) very high density
(d) very low density

2. Consider the following statements about the ‘Roaring Forties’:
I. They blow uninterrupted in the Northern and Southern
II. They blow with great strength and constancy.
III. Their direction is generally from North ­ West to East in the
Southern Hemisphere.
IV. Overcast skies, rain and raw weather are generally associated
with them.
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I, II and III
(b) II, III and IV
(c) I, III and IV
(d) I, II and IV

3. Along which one of the following meridians did India experience
the first light of the sunrise of the new millennium ?

(a) 2° 30’ W
(b) 82° 30’ E
(c) 92° 30’ W
(d) 92° 30’ E

4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Minerals) (Major producer)
I. Mineral oil (A) Zambia
II. Copper (B) Guyana
III. Manganese (C) Venezuela
IV. Bauxite (D) Gabon

(a) I­C, II­A, III­D, IV­B
(b) I­C, II­A, III­B, IV­D
(c) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(d) I­A, II­C, III­D, IV­B

5. Which one of the following is known as the “Coffee port” of the
world ?

(a) Sao Paulo
(b) Santos
(c) Rio de Janeiro
(d) Buenos Aires

6. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Oceanic Trench) (Location)
I. Aleutian (A) Indian Ocean
II. Kermadec (B) North Pacific Ocean
III. Sunda (C) South Pacific Ocean
IV. S. Sandwich (D) South Atlantic Ocean

(a) I­B, II­D, III­A, IV­C
(b) I­B, II­C, III­A, IV­D
(c) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(d) I­A, II­D, III­B, IV­C

7. Which one of the following statements is incorrect ?
(a) Goa attained full statehood in 1987
(b) Diu is an island in the Gulf of Khambhat
(c) Daman and Diu were separated from Goa by the 56th
Amendment of the Constitution of India
(d) Dadra and Nagar Haveli were under French colonial rule till 1954
Q48 Which one of the following lakes forms an international
boundary between Tanzania and Uganda ?

(a) Chad
(b) Malawi
(c) Victoria
(d) Zambezi

8. Consider the following statements about the megacities of India
I. Population of each megacity is more than 5 million.
II. All the megacities are important sea ports.
III. Megacities are either national or State capitals.
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I, II and III
(b) I and II
(c) II and III
(d) I and III

9. Which one of the following statements is true according to 1991
Census data?

(a) U.P. has the highest density of population in India
(b) Himachal Pradesh has the highest female to male sex ratio in
(c) West Bengal has the highest growth rate of population in India
(d) Bihar has the lowest literacy rate in India

10. Which one of the following statements is false ?

(a) All countries other than India have over 80% literacy
(b) Malaysia and Korea have life expectancy higher than all other countries
(c) Higher the adult literacy lower is the infant mortality
(d) The life expectancy at birth in India is almost the same as that of Indonesia

11. The best performance in terms of Human Development among
the Asian countries is by

(a) China
(b) Malaysia
(c) Korea
(d) Philippines

12. Consider the following statements :
I. Tides are of great help in navigation and fishing.
II. High tide enables big ships to enter or leave the harbour safely.
III. Tide prevents siltation in the harbours.
IV. Kandla and Diamond Harbour are tidal ports.
Which of these statements are correct ?

(a) I and IV
(b) II, III and IV
(c) I, II and III
(d) I, II, III and IV

13. Match the locations of ports labelled as A, B, C and D in the
given map with the names of those ports and select the correct
answer using the codes given below the names of the ports :
Names of Ports:
1. Kakinada
2. Karwar
3. Mangalore
4. Tuticorin
5. Veraval

(a) A­4, B­2, C­3, D­5
(b) A­5, B­2, C­4, D­1
(c) A­1, B­3, C­4, D­2
(d) A­5, B­3, C­2, D­1

14. The correct sequence in decreasing order of the four
sugarcane producing States in India is

(a) Maharashtra, U.P., Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(b) U.P., Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra, U.P., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
(d) U.P., Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu

15. Consider the following statements :
I. Maharashtra has the highest acreage under jawar in India.
II. Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnut in India.
III. Rajasthan has the largest area of cultivable wastelands in India.
IV. Andhra Pradesh has the highest per hectare yield of maize in

Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) I and IV
(b) II and III
(c) I and III
(d) II and IV

paper -1999

1. A ship sailing from the eastern extremity of the Aleutian Islands
to Dutch harbour crosses 180° meridian at 23.30 hrs on January 1,
1999. What time and date will be recorded by the captain of the ship
in his diary after one­hour journey from the point of crossing of the
meridian ?

(a) January 1, 0030 hrs
(b) January 2, 0030 hrs
(c) January 3, 0030 hrs
(d) January 4, 0030 hrs

2. Which one of the following port cities in Venezuela has been
developed as an oil port?

(a) Caracas
(b) Maracaibo
(c) Maracay
(d) Carupano

3. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :

List I List II
(Timber) (Country)
I. Cedar (A) Myanmar
II. Douglas Fir (B) Canada
III. Mahogany (C) Mexico
IV. Teak (D) Honduras

4. A person of mixed European and Indian blood in Latin America
is called a

(a) Mulatto
(b) Mestizo
(c) Meiji
(d) Mau Mau

5. The language spoken by the largest number of people in the
world is

(a) Hindi
(b) English
(c) Mandarin
(d) Spanish

6. Match the areas shown as A, B, C and D on the given map
showing with the largest religious minorities. Select the correct
answer using the codes given below the list of minorities.
Largest Religious Minorities
1. Buddhists
2. Christians
3. Jains
4. Muslims
5. Sikhs

(a) A­5, B­1, C­3, D­2
(b) A­4, B­3, C­2, D­1
(c) A­5, B­3, C­1, D­2
(d) A­4, B­2, C­1, D­3

7. The population growth rate in Kerala is the lowest among major
Indian states. Which one of the following is the most widely
accepted reason for this ?

(a) Kerala has made the highest investment in family planning
(b) Kerala has the highest literacy rate in India
(c) Kerala has invested heavily in promoting literacy and public health and placed high priority on social policies
(d) The population pyramid in Kerala has relatively fewer women in
the reproductive age­group

8. Among which one of the following sets of social/religious
groups is the extent of poverty the highest, as per Government
statistics for the nineties ?

(a) Muslims in Kerala, Gujarat and A.P.
(b) Tribals in Bihar, Orissa, M.P. and Maharashtra
(c) Scheduled Castes in Punjab, Western UP, northern Rajasthan
and Tamil Nadu
(d) Christians in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Assam

9. As per 1991 Census, which one of the following groups of
Union Territories had the highest literacy rate ?

(a) Chandigarh and Dadra & Nagar Haveli
(b) Delhi and Andaman & Nicobar Islands
(c) Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Pondicherry
(d) Pondicherry and Delhi

10. The term ‘Aryan’ denotes

(a) an ethnic group
(b) a nomadic people
(c) a speech group
(d) a superior race

11. Which one of the following pairs of states and tribes is not
correctly matched?

(a) Assam : Miri
(b) Nagaland : Konyak
(c) Aranachal Pradesh : Apatani
(d) Madhya Pradesh : Lambada

12. Assertion (A) : Ganga Plain is the most densely­populated part of India.
Reason (R) : Ganga is the most harnessed river of India.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true

13. Which one of the following statements is not true ?

(a) Ghaggar’s water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi Canal
(b) Narmada rises from Amarkantak region
(c) Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river
(d) Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari

14. Assertion (A) :
The frequency of floods in North Indian plains has increased during
the last couple of decades.
Reason (R) :
There has been reduction in the depth of river valleys due to
deposition of silt.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true

15. The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to
maintain proper ecological balance in India is

(a) 25%
(b) 33%
(c) 43%
(d) 53%

16. “India has the largest population of the Asian X. Today, there
are just about 20,000 to 25,000 X in their natural habitat spreading
across the evergreen forests, dry thorn forests, swamps and
grasslands. Their prime habitats are, however, the moist deciduous
forests. The X population in India ranges from North­West India
where they are found in the forest divisions of Dehradun, Bijnor and
Nainital districts of UP to the Western Ghats in the states of
Karnataka and Kerala and in Tamil Nadu.
In Central India, their population is distributed in southern Bihar and
Orissa. In the East, they are seen in North­Bengal, Assam and a few
other states.”

The animal ‘X’ referred to in this quotation is
(a) Lion
(b) Elephant
(c) Tiger
(d) One­horned rhinoceros

17. The first marine sanctuary in India, having within its bounds
coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea
birds, has been established in

(a) Sundarbans
(b) Chilka Lake
(c) Gulf of Kachch
(d) Lakshadweep

18. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Resorts) (States)
I. Chakrata (A) Assam
II. Haflong (B) West Bengal
III. Kalimpong (C) Uttar Pradesh
IV. Kufri (D) Himachal Pradesh

(a) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(b) I­C, II­A, III­D, IV­B
(c) I­C, II­A, III­B, IV­D
(d) I­A, II­C, III­D, IV­B

19. Which one of the following statements is not true of the Konkan Railway ?

(a) The total length is about 760 km
(b) It runs through the states of Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Kerala
(c) It is the only rail route that cuts across the Western Ghats
(d) The Konkan Railway Construction Company which came into
being raised money through Public Issues

20. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Rivers) (Dams)
I. Cauvery (A) Alamatti
II. Krishna (B) Mettur
III. Narmada (C) Gandhi Sagar
IV. Chambal (D) Sardar Sarovar

(a) I­A, II­D, III­B, IV­C
(b) I­B, II­A, III­D, IV­C
(c) I­B, II­A, III­C, IV­D
(d) I­A, II­C, III­D, IV­B

21. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Industries) (Industrial Centres)
I. Pearl fishing (A) Pune
II. Automobiles (B) Tuticorin
III. Ship­building (C) Pinjore
IV. Engineering goods (D) Marmagao

(a) I­B, II­A, III­D, IV­C
(b) I­B, II­A, III­C, IV­D
(c) I­A, II­B, III­D, IV­C
(d) I­A, II­B, III­C, IV­D

22. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
I. Cotton (A) Rainfall 1000­1500 mm; Temperature 40° ­ 60°C
II. Flax (B) Rainfall 1500­2000 mm; Temperature 25° ­ 35°C
III. Sugarbeet (C) Rainfall 600 ­ 800 mm; Temperature 5° ­ 18°C
IV. Jute (D) Rainfall 500 ­ 1000 mm; Temperature 18° ­ 22°C
(E) Rainfall 500 ­ 600 mm; Temperature 18°­ 22°C

(a) I­A, II­C, III­D, IV­B
(b) I­B, II­C, III­E, IV­D
(c) I­D, II­E, III­B, IV­A
(d) I­D, II­C, III­E, IV­B

23. Which one of the following agricultural practices is eco­friendly?

(a) Organic farming
(b) Shifting cultivation
(c) Cultivation of high­yielding varieties
(d) Growing plants in glass­houses

paper -1998

1. One Astronomical Unit is the average distance between

(a) Earth and the Sun @
(b) Earth and the Moon
(c) Jupiter and the Sun
(d) Pluto and the Sun

2. Consider the following statements regarding asteroids :
I. Asteroids are rocky debris of varying sizes orbiting the Sun.
II. Most of the asteroids are small but some have diameter as large
as 1000 km.
III. The orbit of asteroids lies between the orbits of Jupiter and
Of these statements :

(a) I, II and III are correct
(b) II and III are correct
(c) I and II are correct @
(d) I and III are correct

3. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using
the codes given below the lists :

List I List II
(Special Characteristic) (Name of Planet)
I. Farthest planet from the sun (A) Mercury
II. Largest planet of the solar system (B) Venus
III. Planet second from the Sun in the solar system (C) Jupiter
IV. Planet nearest to the Sun (D) Pluto
(E) Saturn

(a) I­B, II­C, III­E, IV­A
(b) I­C, II­E, III­A, IV­B
(c) I­D, II­A, III­B, IV­C
(d) I­D, II­C, III­B, IV­A @

4. When there is noon at G. M .T. meridian people on another
place of the Earth are taking their 6 o’clock morning tea. The
longitude of the place is

(a) 17° 30’ E
(b) 7° 30’ W @
(c) 172° 30’ E
(d) 90° W

5. Consider the following climatic conditions (northern
hemisphere) :
January 3.9 4.7
February 4.4 5.7
March 8.3 8.2
April 14.4 9.2
May 20.0 9.2
June 23.3 17.7
July 27.8 14.5
August 27.8 14.0
September 22.3 12.7
October 18.3 7.0
November 12.2 5.0
December 6.7 3.5
These are most likely to be found in the natural regions of

(a) China type @
(b) Equatorial type
(c) Hot desert type
(d) Monsoon type

6. Which one of the following languages belongs to the Austric
group ?
(a) Marathi
(b) Ladakhi
(c) Khasi @
(d) Tamil

7. Which one of the following east flowing rivers of India has rift valley due to down warping ?

(a) Damodar @
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Sone
(d) Yamuna

8. Forest areas have been labelled as 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the rough outline map given:
Among these, those which were threatened in 1997 by a serious
epidemic include

(a) teak forests of 3 and 4
(b) oaks forests of 1 and sal forests of 2
(c) sal forests of 3 @
(d) sandalwood forests of 4

9. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the states (labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4) of India shown on the map in
descending order in terms of their available ground water resources for irrigation ?.

(a) 3, 4, 1, 2
(b) 3, 4, 2, 1
(c) 4, 3, 1, 2
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1 @

9. Some people in Manipur live in houses built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt.
These islands are called

(a) Tipis
(b) Barkhans
(c) Phoomdis @
(d) Izba

10. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists :
List I List II
(Places) (Industries)
I. Jamnagar (A) Aluminium
II. Hospet (B) Woollen Textile
III. Korba (C) Fertilizers
IV. Haldia (D) Cement
(E) Iron and Steel
(a) I­D, II­C, III­A, IV­B
(b) I­B, II­E, III­A, IV­C @
(c) I­D, II­E, III­B, IV­A
(d) I­B, II­A, III­D, IV­C

11. In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised towns have
been developed. Match the lists of specialisation with towns and
select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List I List II
(Towns) (Specialisation)
I. Alibag (A) Fishing Centre
II. Balapur (B) Holiday resort
III. Nhava Sheva (C) Petro­chemical complex
IV. Ratnagiri D) Port
(a) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(b) I­B, II­C, III­D, IV­A @
(c) I­C, II­D, III­B, IV­A
(d) I­B, II­A, III­D, IV­C

12. What is the correct sequence of the following Indian states indescending order of their length of surface roads per 100 km2 of
their area ?
I. Haryana
II. Maharashtra
III. Punjab
IV. Tamil Nadu
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Codes :
(a) IV, II, III, I @
(b) IV, III, I, II
(c) III, IV, I, II
(d) III, IV, II, I

13. Which one of the following sets of states stands to benefit the
most from the Konkan Railway ?
(a) Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala @
(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra
(d) Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu

14. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists :
List I List II
(Agricultural products) (Foremost producer)
I. Cotton (A) Madhya Pradesh
II. Gram (B) Gujarat
III. Black pepper (C) West Bengal
IV. Pineapple (D) Kerala

(a) I­B, II­A, III­D, IV­C @
(b) I­B, II­A, III­C, IV­D
(c) I­A, II­B, III­D, IV­C
(d) I­A, II­B, III­C, IV­D

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