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Preliminary History Previous Question Paper

Paper – 2016

1. Regarding the taxation systems of Krishna Deva, the ruler of Vijayanagar, consider the following statements:
1) The tax rate of land was fixed depending on the quality of the land.
2) Private owners of workshops paid an industries tax.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


2. Banjaras during the medieval period of Indian history were

(A) Agriculture
(B) Warriors
(C) Weavers
(D) Traders


3. The ‘Swadeshi’ and ‘Boycot’ were adopted as methods of struggle for the first time during the

(A) Agitation against the partition of Bengal
(B) Home Rule Movement
(C) Non Cooperation Movement
(D) Visit of Simon Commission to India


4. Satya Shodhak Samaj organized

(A) a movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar
(B) a temple-entry movement in Gujarat
(C) an anti-caste movement in Maharashtra
(D) a peasant movement in Punjab


5. The Montague-Chelmsford Proposals were related to

(A) social reforms
(B) education reforms
(C) reforms in public administration
(D) constitutional reforms


6. Consider the following:
1) Calcutta Unitarian Committee
2) Tabernacle of New Dispensation
3) Indian Reform Association
Keshab Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above?

(A) 1 and 3 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


7. With reference to the economic history of medivial India, the term ‘Araghatta’ refers to

(A) Bonded labour
(B) Land grants made to military officers
(C) Waterwheel used in the irrigation of land
(D) Wasteland converted to cultivated land


8. With reference to the cultural history of India, the memorizing of chronicles, dynasty histories and epic tales was the profession of who of the following?

(A) Sharamana
(B) Parivraajaka
(C) Agrahaarika
(D) Maagadha


9. What was the main reason for the split in the Indian National Congress at Surat in 1907?

(A) Introduction of communalism into Indian politics by Lord Minto
(B) Extremists’ lack of faith in the capacity of the moderates to negotiate with the British Government
(C) Foundation of Muslim League
(D) Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be elected as the president of the Indian National Congress


10. The plan of Sir Stafford Cripps envisaged that after the Second World War

(A) India should be granted complete independence
(B) India should be partitioned into two before granting independence
(C) India should be made a republic with the condition that she will join the Commonwealth
(D) India should be given Dominion status


Paper – 2015

1. With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is/ are correct?
1) The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the ‘Sedition Committee’.
2) In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize the Home Rule League.
3) Demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


2. Who of the following was/were economic critic/ critics of colonialism in India?
1) Dadabhai Naoroji
2) G. Subramania Iyer
3) R. C. Dutt
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


3. With reference to Congress Socialist Party, consider the following statements:
1) It advocated the boycott of British goods and evasion of taxes.
2) It wanted to establish the dictatorship of proletariat.
3) It advocated separate electorate for minorities and oppressed classes.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None


4. The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined

(A) the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature
(B) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments
(C) the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy
(D) None of the above


5. Consider the following pairs:
Medieval Indian State : Present Region
1. Champaka : Central India
2. Durgara : Jammu
3. Kuluta : Malabar
Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3
(D) 3 only


6. Consider the following:
The arrival of Babur into India led to the
1) introduction of gunpowder in the subcontinent
2) introduction of the arch and dome in the region’s architecture
3) establishment of Timurid dynasty in the region
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


7. Who of the following organized a march on the Tanjore coast to break the Salt Law in April 1930?

(A) V. O. Chidambaram Pillai
(B) C. Rajagopalachari
(C) K. Kamaraj
(D) Annie Besant


8. Consider the following statements
1) The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
2) The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyabji.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

 

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


9. With reference to the Cabinet Mission, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1) It recommended government a federal government.
2) It enlarged the powers of the Indian Courts.
3) It provided for more Indians ill the ICS.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) None


10. With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential elementy elements of the feudal system?
1) A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority
2) Emergence of administrative structure based on control and possession of land
3) Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and his overlord
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


11. Which one of the following movements has contributed to a split in the Indian National Congress resulting in the emergence of ‘moderates’ and ‘extremists’?

(A) Swadeshi Movement
(B) Quit India Movement
(C) Non-Cooperation Movement
(D) Civil Disobedience Movement


Paper – 2014

1. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to

(A) solve the problem of minorities in India
(B) give effect to the Independence Bill
(C) delimit the boundaries between India and Pakistan
(D) enquire into the riots in East Bengal


2. The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905

(A) The First World War when Indian troops were needed by the British and the partition was ended
(B) King George V abrogated Curzon’s Act at the Royal Durbar in Delhi in 1911
(C) Gandhiji launched his Civil Disobedience Movement
(D) the Partition of India in 1947 when East Bengal became East Pakistan


3. The 1929 Session of Indian National Congress is of significance in the history of Freedom Movement because the

(A) attainment of Self-Government was declared as the objective of the Congress
(B) attainment of Poorna Swaraj was adopted as the goal of Congress
(C) Non-Cooperation Movement was launched
(D) decision to participate in Round Table Conference in London was taken


4. The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a

(A) revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco
(B) nationalist organization operating from Singapore
(C) militant organization with headquarters at Berlin
(D) communist movement for India’s freedom with Headquarters at Tashkent


5. Consider the following statements:
1. ‘Bijak’ is a composition of the teachings of Saint Dadu Dayal.
2. The Philosophy of Pushti Marg was propounded by Madhvacharya.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


6. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria’s Proclamation (1858)?
1) To disclaim any intention to annex Indian States
2) To place the Indian administration under the British Crown
3) To regulate East India Company’s trade with India
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


7. Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was

(A) the mosque for the use of Royal Family
(B) Akbar’s private prayer chamber
(C) the hall at which Akbar held discussions with the Scholars of various religions
(D) the room in which the nobles belonging to different religious gathered to discuss religious affairs


8. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

 

(A) Mimamsa and Vedanta
(B) Nyaya and Vaisheshika
(C) Lokayata and Kapalika
(D) Sankhya and Yoga


9. In medieval India, the designations ‘Mahattara’ and ‘Pattakila’ were used for

(A) military officers
(B) village headmen
(C) specialists in Vedic rituals
(D) chiefs of craft guilds


10. Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Budhha?
1) Avanti
2) Gandhara
3) Kosala
4) Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2 and 4
(C) 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 3 and 4


Paper – 2013

1. Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine?
1) The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance.
2) Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
3) Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


2. The Chinese traveller Yuan Chwasng (Hiuen Tsang) who visited India recorded the general conditions and culture of India at that time. In this context, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1) The roads and river-routes were completely immune from robbery.
2) As regards punishment for offences, ordeals by fire, water and poison were the instruments for determining the innocence or guilt of a person.
3) The tradesmen had to pay duties at ferries and barrier stations.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


3. Annie Besant was
1) Responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement
2) The founder of the Theosophical Society
3) Once the President of the Indian National Congress
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


4. The people of India agitated against the arrival of Simon Commission because

(A) Indians never wanted the review of the working of the Act of 1919
(B) Simon Commission recommended the abolition do Diarchy in the Provinces
(C) There was no Indian member in Simon Commission
(D) The Simon Commission suggested the partition of the country


5. Quit India Movement was launched in response to

(A) Cabinet Mission Plan
(B) Cripps Proposal
(C) Simon Commission Report
(D) Wavell Plan


6. With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were

(A) Directly elected by the people of those provinces
(B) Nominated by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League
(C) Elected by the Provincial Legislative Assembly
(D) Selected by the Government of their expertise in constitutional matters


7. The demand for the Tabhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for

(A) The reduction of the share of the landlords from one-half of the crop to one-third
(B) The grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were actual cultivators of the land
(C) The uprooting of Zamindari System and the end of serfdom
(D) Writing off all peasant debts


8. The llbert Bill controversy was related to the

(A) imposition of certain restrictions to carry arms by the Indians
(B) imposition of restrictions on newspapers and magazines published in Indian languages
(C) removal of disqualifications imposed on the Indian magistrates with regard to the trial of the Europeans
(D) removal of a duty on imported cotton cloth


Paper – 2012

1. The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of

(A) Bhakti
(B) Image worship and Yajnas
(C) Worship of nature and Yajnas
(D) Worship of nature and Bhakti


2. With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both Buddhism and Jainism?
1) Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment
2) Indifference to the authority of the Vedas
3) Denial of efficacy of rituals
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


3. Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes

(A) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
(B) Buddha’s calling of the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
(C) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory
(D) Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in the context


4. With reference to the guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role in the country’s economy, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1) Every guild was registered with the central authority of the State and the king was the chief administrative authority on them.
2) The wages, rules of work, standards and prices were fixed by the guild.
3) The guild had judicial powers over its own members.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


5. With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below are correct?
1) Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by 1st century AD.
2) Transplant of internal organs in the human body had begun by the beginning of 3rd century AD.
3) The concept of sine of an angle was known in 5th century AD.
4) The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in 7th century AD.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 and 4 only
(C) 1, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4


6. Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?
1) Introduction of diarchy in the executive government of the provinces
2) Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims
3) Devolution of legislative authority by the centre to the provinces
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


7. With reference to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statemnets:
1) The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government
2) The Government gave Pattas to the Ryots
3) The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) None


8. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj?
1) It opposed idolatry
2) It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.
3) It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


9. The Congress ministries resigned in the seven provinces in 1939 because

(A) the Congress could not form ministries in the other four provinces
(B) emergence of a ‘left wing’ in the Congress made the working of the ministries impossible
(C) there were widespread communal disturbances in their provinces
(D) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct


10. During the freedom struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation

(A) Different social reform groups or organizations of Bengal region united to form a single body to discuss the issues of larger interest and to prepare appropriate petitions/representations to the government.
(B) Indian National Congress did not want to include social reforms in its deliberations and decided to form a separate body for such a purpose
(C) Beharmji Malabari and M. G. Ranade decided to bring together all the social reform groups of the country under one organisation
(D) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct


11. Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar ?
1) The peasants and Workers Party of India
2) All India Scheduled Castes Federation
3) The Independent Labour Party
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


12. Mahatma Gandhi undertook first unto death in 1932, mainly because

(A) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations
(B) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion
(C) Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award
(D) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct


13. Consider the following statements:
The most effective contribution made by Dadabhai Naoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that he
1) Exposed the economic exploitation of India by the British
2) Interpreted the ancient India texts and resorted the self-confidence of Indians
3) Stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


14. The Rowlatt Act aimed at

(A) compulsory economic support to war efforts
(B) imprisonment without trial and summary procedures for trial
(C) suppression of the Khilafat Movement
(D) imposition of restriction on the freedom of press


15. The Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress(1929) is very important in history, because
1) The Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence
2) The rift between the extremists and moderates were resolved in that session
3) A resolution was passed rejecting the two-nation theory in that session
Which of the statements given is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) None of the above


16. With reference to the religious history of medieval India, the Sufi mystics were known to pursue which of the following practices?
1) Meditation and control breath
2) Severe ascetic exercise in a lonely place
3) Recitation of holy songs to arouse a state of ecstasy in their audience
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


17. Consider the following:
1) Assessment of land revenue on the basis of nature of the soil and quality of the crops
2) Use of mobile cannons in warfare
3) Cultivation of tobacco and red chillies
Which of the above was/were introduced into Indian by the English?

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2
(C) 2 and 3
(D) None


18. The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the schemes provided in the

(A) Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909
(B) Montagu-Chelmsford Act, 1919
(C) Government of India Act, 1935
(D) Indian Independence Act, 1947


Paper – 2011

1. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:
1) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present did not dominate the scene.
2) During this period, cotton was used for manufacturing textiles in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


2. The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India. In this context, consider the following statements:
1) Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others.
2) Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning the universe and all it contained
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


3. The Jain Philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by

(A) Universal Law
(B) Universal Truth
(C) Universal Faith
(D) Universal Soul


4. India maintained its early cultural contacts and trade links with Southeast Asia across the Bay of Bengal. For the pre-eminence of early maritime history of Bay of Bengal, which of the following could be the most convincing explanation/explanations?

(A) As compared to other countries, India had a better ship-building technology in ancient and medieval times
(B) The rulers of southern India always patronized traders, Brahmin priests and Buddhist monks in this context
(C) Monsoon winds across the Bay of Bengal facilitated sea voyages
(D) Both (a) and (b) are convincing explanations in this context


5. Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century?

(A) Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation of tribal products.
(B) Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas.
(C) Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal areas
(D) The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the tribal-communities


6. With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, “Home Charges” formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted “Home Charges”
1) Funds used to support the India Office in London.
2) Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
3) Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


7. Karl Marx explained the process of class struggle with the help of which one of the following theories?

(A) Empirical liberalism
(B) Existentialism
(C) Darwin’s theory of evolution
(D) Dialectical materialism


8. The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions?

(A) Making Zamindar’s position stronger vis-a-vis the ryot
(B) Making East India Company an overlord of Zamindars
(C) Making judicial system more efficient
(D) None of the (a), (b) and (c) above


9. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, “Unto this Last” and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi?

(A) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated man
(B) The good of individual is contained in the good of all
(C) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life
(D) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context


10. With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well-known for

(A) Running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of Quit India Movement.
(B) Participating in the Second Round Table Conference
(C) Leading a contingent of Indian National Army
(D) Assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru


11. With reference to the period of Indian freedom struggle, which of the following was/were recommended by the Nehru report?
1) Complete Independence for India
2) Joint electorates for reservation of seat for minorities
3) Provision of fundamental rights for the people of India in the Constitution
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


12. Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942?

(A) It was a non-violent movement
(B) It was led by Mahatma Gandhi
(C) It was a spontaneous movement
(D) It did not attract the labour class in general


13. What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a stayagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda?
1) The Administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought.
2) The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


14. What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedderburn and W. S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893?

(A) To agitate for Indian political reforms in the House of Commons
(B) To campaign for the entry of Indians into the Imperial Judiciary
(C) To facilitate a discussion on India’s Independence in the British Parliament
(D) To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament


Paper – 2010

1. There are only two known examples of cave paintings of the Gupta period in ancient India. One of these paintings of Ajanta Caves. Where is the other surviving example of Gupta Paintings?

(A) Bagh caves
(B) Ellora caves
(C) Lomas Rishi cave
(D) Nasik caves


2. Why did Buddhism start declining in India in the early medieval times?
1) Buddha was by that time considered as one of the incarnations of Vishnu and thus became a part of Vaishnavism
2) The invading tribes from Central Asia till the time of last Gupta king adopted Hinduism and persecuted Buddhists
3) The Kings of Gupta dynasty were strongly opposed to Buddhism
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 3 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


3. Among the following, who was not a proponent of bhakti cult?

(A) Nagarjuna
(B) Tukaram
(C) Tyagaraja
(D) Vallabhacharya


4. What was the immediate reason for Ahmad Shah Abdali to invade India and fight the Third Battle of Panipat?

(A) He wanted to avenge the expulsion by Marathas of his viceroy Timur Shah from Lahore
(B) The frustrated governor of Jullundhar Adina Beg Khan invited him to invade Punjab
(C) He wanted to punish Mughal administration for non-payment of there revenues of the Chahar Mahal (Gujarat, Aurangabad, Sialkot and Pasrur)
(D) He wanted to annex all the fertile plains of Punjab up to the borders of Delhi to his kingdom


5. With reference to Pondicherry (now Puducherry), consider the following statements:
1) The first European power to occupy Pondicherry were the Portuguese
2) The second European power to occupy Pondicherry were the French
3) The English never occupied Pondicherry
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


6. Who among the following Governor Generals created the Covenanted Civil Service of India which later came to be known as the Indian Civil Service?

(A) Warren Hastings
(B) Wellesley
(C) Cornwallis
(D) William Bentick


7. By a regulation in 1793, the District Collector was deprived of his judicial powers and made the collecting agent only. What was the reason for such regulation?

(A) Lord Cornwallis felt that District Collector’s efficiency of revenue collection would enormously increase without the burden of other work
(B) Lord Cornwallis felt that judicial power should compulsorily be in the hands of Europeans while Indians can be given the job of revenue collection in the districts
(C) Lord Cornwallis was alarmed at the extent of power concentrated in District Collector and felt that such absolute power was undesirable in one person
(D) The judicial work demanded a deep knowledge of India and a good training in law and Lord Cornwallis felt that District Collector should be only one a revenue collector.


8. With reference to Simon Commission’s recommendations, which one of the following statements is correct?

(A) It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government in provinces
(B) It proposed the setting up of inter-provincial council under the Home Department
(C) It suggested the abolition of bicameral legislature at the Centre
(D) It recommended the creation of Indian Police Service with a provision for increased pay and allowances for British recruits as compared to Indian recruits


9. Four resolutions were passed at the famous Calcutta session of Indian National Congress in 1906. The question of either retention OR of rejection of these four resolutions became the cause of split in Congress at the next Congress session held in Surat in 1907.
Which one of the following was not one of those resolutions?

(A) Annulment of Partition of Bengal
(B) Boycott
(C) National education
(D) Swadeshi


10. After Quit India Movement, C. Rajagopalachari issued a pamphlet entitled “The Way Out”. Which one of the following was a proposal in this pamphlet?

(A) The establishment of a “War Advisory Council” composed of representatives of British India and the Indian States
(B) Reconstitution of the Central Executive Council in such a way that all its members, except the Governor General and Commander-in-Chief should be Indian leaders
(C) Fresh elections to the Central and Provincial Legislatures to be held at the end of 1945 and the Constitution making body to be convened as soon as possible
(D) A solution for the constitutional deadlock


11. What was the immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement?

(A) The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon
(B) A sentence of 18 months rigorous imprisonment imposed on Lokmanya Tilak
(C) The arrest and deportation of Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh; and passing of the Punjab Colonization Bill
(D) Death sentence pronounced on the Chapekar brothers


12. Consider the following statements:
1) The “Bombay Mainfesto” signed in 1936 openly opposed the preaching of socialist ideals
2) It evoked support from a large section of business community from all across India
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


13. Consider the following statements:
1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad persuaded Mahatma Gandhi to come to Champaran to investigate the problem of peasants.
2) Acharya J. B. Kriplani was one of the Mahatma Gandhi’s colleagues in his Champaran investigation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2


14. For the Karachi session of Indian National Congress in 1931 presided over by Sardar Patel, who drafted the Resolution on Fundamental Rights and Economic Programme?

(A) Mahatma Gandhi
(B) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(D) Dr. B. R. Ambekar


15. Who among the following were official Congress negotiators with Cripps Mission?

(A) Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel
(B) Acharya J. B. Kriplani and C. Rajagopalachari
(C) Pandit Nehru and Maulana Azad
(D) Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Rafi Ahmed Kidwai


Paper – 2009

1.Anekantavada is a core theory and philosophy of which one of
the following? 

A. Buddhism
B. Jainism
C. Sikhism
D. Vaishnavism

2. Match List with List II and select the correct answer using the
code given below the lists:
List I (Famous Temple)             List II(State)
a. Vidyashankara                     1. Andhra Pradesh
b. Rajarani Temple                  2. Karnataka
c. Kandariya Mahadeo              3. Madhya Pradesh
d. Bhimesvara temple              4. Orissa

A     B     C     D
A. 2     4     3     1
B. 2     3     4     1
C. 1     4     3     2
D. 1     3     4     2


3. Where is the famous Virupaksha temple located? 

A. Bhadrachalam
B. Chidambaram
C. Hampi
D. Srikalahasti


4. With whose permission did the English set up their first factory in
Surat?

A. Akbar
B. Jahangir
C. Shahjahan
D. Aurangzeb


5. In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff, who of the
following established Hindu College at Calcutta?

A. Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
B. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
C. Keshab Chandra Sen
D. Raja Rammohan Roy


6. In the ”Individual Satyagraha”, Vinoba Bhave was chosen as the
first Satyagrahi. Who was the second?

A. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
B. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
C. C. Rajagopalachari
D. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel


7. Consider the following statements:
The Cripps Proposals include the provision for
1. Full independence for India
2. Creation of Constitution making body.

Which of the statements given above is are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2


8. During the freedom struggle, Aruna Asaf AIi was a major woman
organizer of underground activity in :

A. Civil Disobedience Movement
B. Non­Cooperation Movement
C. Quit India Movement
D. Swadeshi Movement


9. Consider the following statements:
1. The discussions in the Third Round Table Conference eventually
led to the passing of the Government of India Act of 1935.
2. The Government of India Act of 1935 provided for the
establishment of an All India Federation to be based on a Union of
the provinces of British India and the Princely States.

Which of the above statements is/ are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2


10. Who of the following Prime Ministers sent Cripps Mission to
India?

A. James Ramsay MacDonald
B. Stanley Baldwin
C. Neville Chamberlain
D. Winston Churchill


11. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why did Rowlatt Act arouse
popular indignation?

A. It curtailed the freedom of religion
B. It suppressed the Indian traditional education
C. It authorized the government to imprison people without trial
D. It curbed the trade union activities


12. One of the following began with the Dandi March?

A. Home Rule Movement
B. Non ­ Cooperation Movement
C. Civil Disobedience Movement
D. Quit India Movement


13. With which one of the following movements is the slogan ”Do or
Die” associated?

A. Swadeshi Movement
B. Non ­ Cooperation Movement
C. Civil Disobedience Movement
D. Quit India Movement


14. Who of the following founded the Ahmedabad Textile Labour
Association?

A. Mahatma Gandhi
B. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
C. N. M. Joshi
D. J. B. Kripalani


15. In the context of the Indian freedom struggle 16th October 1905 is well known for which one of the following reasons?

A. The formal proclamation of Swadeshi Movement was made in
Calcutta town hall
B. I Partition of Bengal took effect
C. Dadabhai Naoroji declared that the goal of Indian National
Congress was Swaraj
D. Lolananya Tilak started Swadeshi Movement in Poona


Paper – 2008

61. What does Baudhayan theorem (Baudhayan Sulva Sautra) related to?

(a) Lengths of sides of a right­angled triangle
(b) Calculation of the value of pi
(C) Logarithmic calculations
(d) Normal distribution curve


2. During the time of which Mughal  Emperor did the Engilsh East India Company
establish its first factory in India ?
(a) Akbar            (b) M.G. Ranade
(c) G.K. Gokhale   (d) Aurangzeb


Who was the Viceroy of India when the Rowlatt Act was Passed ?

(a) Lord Irwin
(b) Lord Reading
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Wavell


3.  Who among the following rejected the title of knighthood and refused to accept
a  position in the Council of the Secretary of State for India ?

(a) Motilal Nehru
(b) M.G. Ranade
(c) G.K. Gokhale
(d) B.G. Tilak


4. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who of the following raised an army called
‘Free Indian Legion’?

(a) Lala Hardayal
(b) Rashbehari Bose
(c) Subhas Chandra Bose
(d) V.D.Savarkar


5. Which one of the following suggested the reconstitution of the Vicery’s Executive
council in Which all the portfolios including that of War Members were to be held by
the Indian leader?

(a) Simon Commission
(b) Simla Conference
(c) Cripps Proposal
(d) Cabinet Mission


6. Match List­I with List­II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List­I (Author)               List­II (Work)
A. Bankimchandra                1.Shatranj ke Khilari
B.    Dinabandhu Mitra          2. Debi Chaudhurani
C.    Premchandra                3. Nil­Darpan
4. Chandrakanta
A     B    C                    A    B    C
(a)    2     4    1           (b)     3    4    2
(c)    2     3    1           (d)     3    1    4


7.  Who among the following Gandhi an followers was a teacher by Profession ?

(a) A.N. Sinha
(b) Braj Kishore Prasad
(c) J.B. Kriplani
(d) Rajendra Prasad


8. Which one of the following was a journal brought out by Abul Kalam Azad ?

(a) Al­Hilal
(b) Comrade
(c) The Indian Sociologist
(d) Zamindar


9. Where was the First Session of the Indian National Congress held in December
1885?

(a) Ahmadabad
(b) Bombay
(c) Calcutta
(d) Delhi


10. Who among the following wrote the poem, Subh­e Azadi ?

(a) Sahir Ludhiyani
(b)  Faiz Ahmed  Faiz
(c) Muhammad  Iqbal
(d) Maulana  Abul Kalam Azad


10. Who among the following gave a systematic critique of the moderate politics of
the Indian National Congress in a series of articles entitled new Lamps for Old?

(a) Aurobindo Ghosh
(b) R.C.Dutt
(c) Syed Ahmad khan
(d) Viraraghavachari


11. Who among the following used the phrase ‘Un­British’ to criticize the English
colonial control of India?

(a) Anandmohan Bose
(b) Badruddin Tyabji
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) Pherozeshah Mehta


Paper – 2007

1. Where is the famous Vijaya Vitala temple having its 56 carved
pillars emitting musical notes located?
(a) Belur         (b) Bhadrachalam
(c)  Hampi       (d) Srirangam


2. Who among the following Europeans were the last to come to preindependence India as traders?

(a) Dutch
(b) English
(c)  French
(d) Portuguese


3. Which one of the following was the first fort constructed by the British in India ?

(a) Fort William
(b) Fort St. George
(c)Fort St. David
(d) Fort St. Angelo


4.  The ruler of which one of the following States was removed from
power by the british on the pretext of misgovernance?

(a) Awadh
(b) Jhansi
(c) French
(d) Satara


5. Consider the following statements:
1. Robert Clive was the first Governor­General of Bengal.
2. William Bentinck was the first Governor­General of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c)  Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


6. The first factory Act restricting the working hours of women and
children, and authorizing local governments to make necessary
rules was adopted during whose time?

(a) lord Lytton
(b) Lord Bentinck
(c) Lord Ripon
(d) Lord Canning


7. Who among the following started the newspaper Shome
Prakash ?

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d)  Surendranath Banerjee


8. Who among the following wrote the book Babuvivah?

(a) raja Rammohan Roy
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c)  Pandita Rambai
(d) Rabindranath Tagore


9. Which one of the following places was associated with
Acharya  Vinoba Bhave’s  Bhoodan Movement at the beginning of
the movement ?

(a) Udaygiri
(b) Rapur
(c) Pochampalli
(d) Venkatagiri


10. Which one of the following aroused a wave of popular indignation
that led to the  massacre by the British at Jallianwala  Bagh  ?

(a) The arms Act
(b) The Public Safety Act
(c)  The Rowlatt Act
(d) The Vernacular Press Act


11. At which one of the following Place did Mahatma  Gandhi first
start his Satyagraha in India?

(a) Ahmedabad
(b) Bardoli
(c)  Champaran
(d) kheda


12. The song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ written during the Swadeshi
Movement of India inspired the liberation struggle of Bangladesh.
Who wrote this song ?

(a) Rajni  Kanta Sen
(b) Dwijendralal Ray
(c)  Mukunda Das
(d) Rabindranath Tagore


Paper – 2006

1.Between which of the following was the ancient town of
Takshasila located?

(a) Indus and Jehelum
(b) Jhelum and Chenab
(c) Chenab and Ravi
(d) Ravi and Beas


2.With reference to the invaders in ancient India, which one
of the following is the correct chronological order ?

(a) Greeks . Sakas . Kushans
(b) Greeks . Kushans . Sakas
(c) Sakas . Greeks . Kushans
(d) Sakas . Kushans . Greeks


3. The Allahabad Pillar inscription is associated with which
one of the following?

(a) Mahapadma Nanda
(b) Chandragupta Maurya
(c) Ashoka
(d) Samudragupta


4. The initial design and construction of which massive temple
took place during the reign of Suryavarman II?

(a) Sri Mariamman Temple
(b) Angkor Vat
(c) Batu Caves Temple
(d) Kamakhya Temple


5. Who among the following laid the foundation of
Rashtrakuta Empire?

(a) Amoghavarsha I
(b) Dantidurga
(c) Dhruva
(d) Krishna I


6.Consider the following statements :
1. The Ikshvaku rulers of southern India were antagonistic towards
Buddhism.
2. The Pala rulers of Eastern India were patrons of Buddhism.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


7. Which one of the following is the correct chronological
order of the Afghan rules to the throne of Delhi?

(a) Sikandar Shah­ibrahim Lodi­Bahlol Khan Lodi
(b) Sikandar Shah­Bahlol Khan Lodi­ Ibrahim Lodi
(c) Bahlol Khan Lodi­ Sikandar Shah­ Ibrahim Lodi
(d) Bahlol Khan Lodi­Ibrahim Lodi­ Sikandar Shah


8. Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of which Mugal
Emperor?

(a) Babar
(b) Akbar
(c) Jahangir
(d) Aurangzeb


9.  In Indian history, who was abdul Hamid Lahori?

(a) An important military commander during Akbar.s reign
(b) An official historian of the reign of Shah Jahan
(c) An important noble and confidant of Aura
(d) A chronicler and poet during the reign of Muhammad Shah ngzeb


10. When Raja Wodeyar founded the kingdom of Mysore, who
was the ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire ?

(a) Sadasiva
(b) Tirumala
(c) Ranga II
(d) Venkata II


11.In the year 1613, where was the English East India Company given permission to set up a factory (trading post) ?

(a) Bangalore
(b) Madras
(c) Masulipattam
(d) Surat


12. Consider the following statements :
1. The Charter Act 1853 abolished East India Company.s monopoly
of Indian trade.
2. Under the Government of India Act,1858, the British Parliament
abolished the East India company altogether and undertook the
responsibility of ruling India directly.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


13. Who was the Governor­General of India during the Sepoy
Mutiny?

(a) Lord Canning
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Hardinge
(d) Lord Lytton


14. With reference to the revolt of the year 1857, who of the
following was betrayed by a friend; captured and put to death
by the British ?

(a) Nana Sahib
(b) Kunwar Singh
(c) Khan Bahadur Khan
(d) Tantia Tope


15. Which one of the following revolts was made famous by
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his noval Anand Math ?

(a) Bhil uprising
(b) Rangpur and Dinapur uprising
(c) Bishnupur and Birbhum rebellion
(d) Sanyasi rebellion


16. Lectures from Colombo to Almora. is based on the
experiences of which one of the following ?

(a) Veer Savarkar
(b) Annie Besant
(c) Ramkrishna Paramhansa
(d) Swami Vivekanand


17. Under whose presidency was the Lahore Session of the
Indian National Congress held in the year 1929 wherein a
resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from
the British ?

(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Motilal Nehru


18. Consider the following statements about
Madam Bhikaji Cama :
1. Madam Cama unfurled the National Flag at the international
Socialist Conference in Paris in the year 1907.
2. Madam Cama served as private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji.
3. Madam Cama was born to Parsi parents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3, only
(c) 1 and 2, only
(d) 3 only


Paper – 2005

1. Who among the following was not a contemporary of the other
three?
(a) Bimbsara
(b) Gautama Buddha
(c) Milinda
(d) Prasenji


2. Which one of the following is the correct statement?

(a) The modern Kochi was a Dutch colony till India’s independence.
(b) The Dutch defeated the Portuguese and built Fort Williams in the
modern Kochi.
(c) The modern Kochi was first a Dutch colony before the
Portuguese took over from them.
(d) The modern Kochi never became a part of the British colony.

3. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of
the battles fought in India in the 18th Century?

(a) Battle of Wandiwash­Battle of Buzar­Battle of Ambur­Battle of
Plassey
(b) Battle of Ambur­Battle of Plassey­ Battle of Wandiwash­Battle of
Buxar
(c) Battle of Wandiwash­Battle of Plassey­Battle of Ambur­Battle of
Buxar
(d) Battle of Ambur­Battle of Buxar­ Battle of Wandiwash­Battle of
Plassey


4. Consider the following statements:
The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for
1. The provincial autonomy.
2. The establishment of Federal Court.
3. All India Federation at the centre.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


5. Consider the following:
1. Warren Hastings was the first Governor General who established
a regular police force in India on the British pattern.
2. A Supreme Court was established at Calcutta by the Regulating
Act, 1773.
3. The Indian Penal Code came into effect in the year 1860.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


6. Who among the following repealed the Vernacular Press Act?

(a) Lord Dufferin
(b) Lord Ripon
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Lord Hardinge


7. Which one of the following places did Kunwar Singh, a
prominent leader of the Revolt of 1857 belong to?

(a) Bihar
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh


8. Which one of the following territories was not affected by the
Revolt of 1857?

(a) Jhansi
(b) Chittor
(c) Jagdishpur
(d) Lucknow


9. Who among the following was the Chairman of the Union
Constitution Committee of the Constituent Assembly?

(a) B. R. Ambedkar
(b) J. B. Kripalani
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Alladi Krishanaswami Ayyar


10. Which pairs are correctly matched?

Movement/Satyagraha Person Actively Associated with
(A) Champaran Rajendra Prasad
(B) Ahmedabad Mill Workers Morarji Desai
(C) Kheda Vallabhbhai Patel

Select the correct answer :
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


11. Consider the following statements:
1. Lord Mountbatten was the Viceroy when Simla Conference took
place.
2. Indian Navy Revolt, 1946 took place when the Indian sailors in the
Royal Indian Navy at Bombay and Karachi rose against the
Government.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


12. Who among the following was not associated with the
formation of U.P. Kisan Sabha in February 1918?

(a) Indra Narain Dwivedi
(b) Gauri Shankar Misra
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Madan Mohan Malviya


13. Who among the following drafted the resolution of fundament
rights for the Karachi Session of Congress in 1931?

(a) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
(b) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel


14.  In October 1920, who of the following headed a group of
Indians gathered at Tashkent to set up a Communist Party of India?

(a) H. K. Sarkar
(b) P. C. Joshi
(c) M.C. Chagla
(d) M. N. Roy


15. At which Congress Session was the Working Committee
authorized to launch a programme of Civil Disobedience?

(a) Bombay
(b) Lahore
(c) Lucknow
(d) Tripuri


16.  In which one of the following provinces was a Congress
ministry not formed under the Act of 1935?

(a) Bihar
(b) Madras
(c) Orissa
(d) Punjab


17. Consider the following statements :
On the eve of launch of Quit India Movement, Mahatma Gandhi
1. asked the government servants to resign.
2. asked the soldiers to leave their posts
3. asked the Princes of the Princely States to accept the sovereignty
of their own people.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3


18. Consider the following statements :
1. In the First Round Table Conference, Dr. Ambedkar demanded
separate electorates for the depressed classes.
2. In the Poona Act, special provisions for representation of the
depressed people in the local bodies and civil services were made.
3. The Indian National Congress did not take part in the Third Round
Table Conference.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


19.  Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose in the
year 1939 after he broke away from the Congress?

(a) Indian Freedom Party
(b) Azad Hind Fauj
(c) Revolutionary
(d) Forward Block


20.  Where were the Ghadar revolutionaries, who became active
during the outbreak of the World War I based?

(a) Central America
(b) North America
(c) West America
(d) South America


21.  Who among the following was a proponent of Fabianism as a
movement?

(a) Annie Beasant
(b) A. O. Hume
(c) Michael Madhusudan Dutt
(d) R. Palme Dutt


22. What was Komagata Maru?

(a) A political party based in Taiwan
(b) Peasant communist leader of China
(c) A naval ship on voyage to Canada
(d) A Chinese village where Mao Tse Tung began his Long march


Paper – 2004

1.Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of
magical charms and spells?

(a) Rig­veda
(b) Yajur­veda
(c) Atharva­veda
(d) Sama­veda


2.With reference to ancient Jainism, which one of the following
statements is correct?

(a) Jainism was spread in South India under the leadership of
Sthalabahu.
(b) The Jainas who remained under the leadership of Bhadrabahu
were called Shvetambaras after the Council held at Pataliputra.
(c) Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the Kalinga king Kharavela in
the first century BC.
(d) In the initial stage of Jainism, the Jainas worshipped images
unlike Buddhists.


3.  Consider the following statements:

1. The Chinese pilgrim Fa­Hien attended the fourth Great Buddhist
Council held by Kanishka.
2. The Chinese pilgrim Huen­Tsangmet Harsha and found him to be
antagonistic to Buddhism.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


4.  Who was the last ruler of the Tughluq dynasty of the Delhi
Sultanate?

(a) Firuz Shah Tughluq
(b) Ghiyas­ud­din Tughluq Shah II
(c) Nasir­ud­din Mahmud
(d) Nasrat Shah


5. Which one of the following sequences indicates the correct
chronological order?

(a) Shankaracharya—Ramanuja—Chaitanya
(b) Ramanuja—Shankaracharya—Chaitanya
(c) Ramanuja—Chaitanya—Shankaracharya
(d) Shankaracharya—Chaitanya—Ramanuja


6. Consider the following statements:

1. Narasimha Saluva ended the Sangama dynasty and seized the throne for himself and started the Saluva dynasty.
2. Vira Narasimha deposed the last Saluva ruler and seized the
throne for himself.
3. Vira Narasimha was succeeded by his younger brother,
Krishnadeva Raya.
4. Krishnadeva Raya was succeeded by his half­brother, Achyuta
Raya.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3, and 4


7. How did the dynasty of Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar come to an end?

(a) Ahmadnagar was annexed into Mughal empire and Husain Shah
was consigned to life imprisonment.
(b) Mughal troops destroyed Daulatabad fort and killed Nizam­ul
Mulk of Ahmadnagar.
(c) Fateh Khan usurped the throne from Nizam­ul Mulk.


8. Consider the following statements about Sikh Gurus:

1. Banda Bahadur was appointed as the military leader of the Sikhs
by Guru Tegh Bahadur.
2. Guru Arjan Dev became the Sikh Guru after Guru Ram Das.
3. Guru Arjan Dev gave to Sikhs their own script—Gurumukhi.

Which one of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1 and 2


9.  Consider the following statements:
1. In the Third Battle of Panipat, Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated
Ibrahim Lodi.
2. Tipu Sultan was killed in the Third Anglo­Mysore War.
3. Mir Jafar entered in a conspiracy with the English for the defeat of
Nawab Siraj­ud­daulah in the Battle of Plassey.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None


10. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched ?
List­I List­II
(Period) (Wars)
1. AD 1767­69 First Anglo Maratha War
2. AD 1790­92 Third Mysore War
3. AD 1824­26 First Anglo­Burmese War
4. AD 1845­46 Second Sikh War
Codes:
A B C D
(a) 2 and 4
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 2
(d) 2 and 3


11. The Montague­Chelmsford Report formed the basis of:

(a) The Indian Councils Act, 1909
(b) The Government of India Act, 1919
(c) The Government of India Act, 1935
(d) The Indian Independence Act, 1947


12. Consider the following statements:
Some of the main features of the Government of India Act, 1935
were the:
1. Abolition of diarchy in the Governors’ provinces
2. Power of the Governors to veto legislative action and to legislate
on their own
3. Abolition of the principle of communal representation

Which of the statements given above is are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


13. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Pitt’s India Act : Warren Hastings
(b) Doctrine of Lapse : Dalhousie
(c) Vernacular Press Act : Curzon
(d) Ilbert Bill : Ripon


14. Consider the following Viceroys of India during the British rule:
1. Lord Curzon
2. Lord Chelmsford
3. Lord Hardinge
4. Lord lrwin
Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of their
tenure?
(a) 1­3­2­4
(b) 2­4­1­3
(c) 1­4­2­3
(d) 2­3­1­4


15. Consider the following Princely States of the British rule in
India:
1. Jhansi
2. Sambalpur
3. Satara
The correct chronological order in which ; they were annexed by the
British is:
(a) 1­2­3
(b) 1­3­2
(c) 3­2­1
(d) 3­1­2


16.  Consider the following statements:
1. The First Session of the Indian National Congress was held in
Calcutta.
2. The Second Session of the Indian National Congress was held
under the presidentship of Dadabhai Naoroji.
Both Indian National Congress and Muslim League held their
sessions at Lucknow in 1916 and concluded the Lucknow Pact.

Which of the statements given above is, are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only


17.  During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who among the following
proposed that Swaraj should be defined as complete independence free from all foreign control?

(a) Mazharul Haque
(b) Maulana Hasrat Mohani
(c) Hakim Ajmal Khan
(d) Abul Kalam Azad


18.  The name of the famous person of India who returned the
Knighthood conferred on him by the British Government as a token
of protest against the atrocities in Punjab in 1919 was:

(a) Tej Bahadur Sapru
(b) Ashutosh Mukherjee
(c) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(d) Syed Ahmad Khan


19. Consider the following events during India’s freedom struggle:
1. Chauri­Chaura Outrage
2. Minto­Morley Reforms
3. Dandi March
4. Montague­Chelmsford Reforms

Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the
events given above?
(a) 1­3­2­4
(b) 2­4­1­3
(c) 1­4­2­3
(d) 2­3­1­4


Paper – 2003

1Consider the following statements
1. Vardhamana Mahavira’s mother was the daughter of Lichchhavi
chief Chetaka.
2. Goutama Buddha’s mother was a princess from the Kosha­lan
dynasty.
3. Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara, belonged to Banaras.

Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


2. Consider the following statements:
1. The last Mauryan ruler, Brihadratha was assassinated by his
commander­in­chief, Pushyamitra Sunga.
2. The last Sunga king, Devabhuti was assassinated by his
Brahmana minister Vasudeva Kanva who usurped the throne
3. The last ruler of the Kanva dynasty was deposed by the Andhras.

Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) Only 2
(c) Only 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3


3.  ‘Mrichchhakatika’ an ancient Indian book written by Shudraka
deals with

(a) The love affair of a rich merchant with the daughter of a
courtesan
(b) The victory of Chandragupta II over the Shaka Kshat­rapas of
western India
(c) The military expeditions and exploits of Samudragupta
(d) The love affair between a Gupta King and a princess of
Kamarupa


4. Emperor Harsha’s southward march was stopped on the
Narmada river by

(a) Pulakesin­I
(b) Pulakesin­II
(c) Vikramaditya­I
(d) Vilcramaditya­II


5. Consider the following statements:
1. The Cholas defeated Pandya and Chera rulers and established
their domination over peninsular India in early medieval times.
2. The Cholas sent an expedition against Sailendra empire of SouthEast
Asia and conquered some of the areas.

Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


6.  How did Sultan Qutb­ud­din Aibak die?

(a) He was treacherously stabbed to death by one of his ambitious
nobles
(b) He was killed in a battle with Taj­u­din Yildiz, the ruler of Ghazni
who entered into a contest with him over the capture of Punjab
(c) He sustained unjuries while besieging the fortress of Kalinjar in
Bundelkhand and succumbed to death later
(d) He died after a fall from his horse while playing Chaugan


7. Alam Khan, one of those who invited Babar to invade India was

(a) An uncle of Ibrahim Lodi and a pretender to the throne of Delhi
(b) A cousin of Ibrahim Lodi who was ill­treated and expelled form
the country
(c) The father of Dilawar Khan to whom cruel treatment was meted
out by Ibrahim Lodi
(d) A high official in Punjab province who was very much
discontented with Ibrahim Lodi’s treatment to his tribe.


8.  Assertion (A):
Emperor Akbar marched towards Afghanistan in 1581 with a huge
army.
Reason (R):
He was on his way to reclaim his ancestral country of Ferghana in
Central Asia.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


9. The battle of Dharmat was fought between

(a) Muhammad Gori and Jai Chand
(b) Babar and the Afghans
(c) Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh
(d) Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marathas


10. Assertion (A):
Marathas emerged as the strongest native power in India after the
decline of Mughal empire.
Reason (R):
Marathas were the first to have clear concept of a united Indian
nation.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


11.  Consider the following statement:

1. Kitab­I­Nauras, a collection of songs in praise of Hindu deities and
Muslim saints, was written by Ibrahim Adil Shah II
2. Amir Khusrau was the originator in India of the early form of the
musical style known as Qawali.

Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


12. Assertion (A):
Saluva Narasimha put an end to the old dynasty and assumed the
royal title.
Reason (R):
He wanted to save the kingdom from further degeneration and
disintegration.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


13. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct?

(a) Ali Mardan Khan introduced the i system of revenue farming in
Bengal
(b) Maharaja Ranjit Singh set up modern foundries to manufacture
cannons at Lahore
(c) Sawai Jai Singh of Amber had Euedil’s ‘Elements of Coometry’
translated into Sanskrit
(d) Sultan Tipu of Mysore gave money for the construction of the idol
of Goddess Sarda in the Shringeri temple


14.  Assertion (A):
Shah Alam II spent the initial years as an Emperor far away from his
capital.
Reason (R):
There was always a lurking danger of foreign invasion from the
north­west frontier.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


15. How did the Mughal Emperor Jahandar Shah’s reign come to
an early end?

(a) He was deposed by his wazir
(b) He died due to a slip while climbing down steps
(c) He was defeated by his nephew in a battle
(d) He died of sickness due to too much consumption of wine


16. With reference to the entry of European powers into India, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) The Portuguese captured Goa in 1499
(b) The English opened their first factory in South India at
Masulipatam
(c) In Eastern India, the English Company opened its first factory in
Orissa in 1633
(d) Under the leadership of supleix, the French occupied Madras in
1746


17. In India, among the following locations, the Dutch established
their earliest factory at

(a) Surat
(b) Pulicat
(c) Cochin
(d) Cassimbazar


18. During the colonial period in India, what was the purpose of the
Whitley Commission?

(a) To review the fitness of India for further political reforms
(b) To report on the existing conditions of labour and to make
recommendations
(c) To draw up a plan for financial reforms for India
(d) To develop a comprehensive scheme for Civil Services in India


19. The aim of education as stated by the Wood’s despatch of
1854 was

(a) The creation of employment opportunities for native Indians
(b) The spread of western culture in India
(c) The promotion of literacy among the people using English
medium of language
(d) The introduction of scientific research and rationalism in the
traditional Indian education


20. Which one of the following provisions was NOT made in the
Charter Act of 1833?

(a) The trading activities of the East India Company were to be
abolished
(b) The designation of the supreme authority was to be changed as
the Governor General of India in Council
(c) All law­making powers to be conferred on Governor­General in
Council
(d) An Indian was to be appointed as a Law Member in the
Governor­ General’s Council


21. With reference to colonial rule in India, what was sought by
the Ilbert Bill in 1883?

(a) To bring Indians and Europeans on par as far as the criminal
jurisdiction of courts was concerned
(b) To impose severe restrictions on the freedom of the native press
as it was perceived to be hostile to colonial rulers
(c) To encourage the native Indians to appear for civil service
examinations by conduction them in India
(d) To allow native Indians to possess arms by amending the Arms
Act


22. Assertion (A):
In 1916, Mualana Mohammad Ali and Abul Kalam Azad resigned
from the Legislative Council.
Reason (R):
The Rowlatt Act was passed by the government in spite of being
opposed by all Indian members of the Legislative Council.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


23. Who headed the Interim Cabinet formed in the 1946?

(a) Rajendra Prasad
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(d) Rajagopalachari


24. With reference to Indian freedom struggle, which one of the
following statements is correct?

(a) The Rowatt Act around a wave of popular indignation and red to
the Jallianwala Bagh massacre
(b) Subhash Chandra Bose formed the Forward Blood
(c) Bhagat Singh was one of the founders of Hindustan Republican
Socialist Association
(d) In 1931, the Congress Session at Karachi opposed Gandhi­Irwin
pact


25. An important aspect of the Cripps Mission of 1942 was

(a) that all Indian States should join the Indian Union as a condition
to consider any degree of autonomy for India
(b) the creation of an Indian Union with Dominion status very soon
after the Second World War
(c) the active participation and cooperation of the Indian people,
communities and political parties in the British war effort as a
condition for granting independence with full sovereign status to
India after war.
(d) the framing of a constitution for the entire Indian Union, with no
separate constitution for any province, and a Union Constitution to
be accepted by all provinces


26. When Congress leaders condemned the Montagu­Chelmsford
Report, many moderates left party to from the

(a) Swarajya Party
(b) Indian Freedom Party
(c) Independence Federation of India
(d) Indian Liberal Federation


27. The leader of the Bardoli Satyagraha (1928) was

(a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Vithalbhai J Patel
(d) Mahadev Desai


Paper – 2002

1.Match List I (Ancient site) with List II (Archaeological finding)
and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List I (Ancient site) List II (Archaeological finding)

A. Lothal 1. Ploughed field
B. Kalibangan 2. Deckyard
C. Dholavira 3. Terracotta replica of a plough
D. Banawali 4. An inscription comprising ten large sized signs of the Harappan script

Codes:
A B C D
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 1 2 4 3
(d) 2 1 3 4


2. In ancient Indian Buddhist monasteries, a ceremony called
Pavarana used to be held. It was the

(a) occasion to elect the Sanghaparinayaka and two speakers one
on Dhamma and the other on Vinaya
(b) confession by monks of their offences committed during their
stay in the monasteries during the rainy season
(c) ceremony of initiation of new person into the Buddhist Sangha in
which the head is shaved an when yellow robes are offered
(d) gathering of Buddhist monks on the next day to the full moon day
of Ashadha when they take up affixed abode for the next four months or rainy season


3.The ancient Indian play Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadutt has its
subject on

(a) a conflict between Gods and Demons of ancient Hindu lore
(b) a romantic story of an Aryan prince and a tribal woman
(c) the story of the power struggle between two Aryan tribes
(d) the court intrigues at the time of Chandragupta Maurya


4. The historian Barani refused to consider the state in India under
Delhi Sultans as truly Islamic because

(a) the majority of the population did not follow Islam
(b) the Muslims theologists were often disregarded
(c) the Sultan supplemented the Muslim law by framing his own
regulations
(d) religious freedom was accorded to non­Muslims


5.  With reference to medieval Indian rulers, which one of the
following statements is correct ?

(a) Alauddin Khalji first set up a separate ariz’s department
(b) Balban introduced the branding system of horses of military
(c) Muhammad bin Tughlaq was succeeded by his uncle to the Delhi
throne
(d) Firuz Tughlaq set up a separate department of slaves


6. Who among the following was the first Bhakti saint to use Hindi
for the propagation of his message ?

(a) Dadu
(b) Kabir
(c) Ramananda
(d) Tulsidas


7. The motive behind Shahjahan’s Balkh campaign was to

(a) secure a friendly ruler in Balkh and Badakshan which bordered
Kabul
(b) conquer Samarqand and Farghana, the Mughal homelands
(c) fix the Mughal frontier on the ‘scientific line’, the Amu Daria
(d) expand the Mughal Empire beyond the sub­continent


8. The real intention of the British to include the princely states in the Federal Union proposed by the India Act of 1935 was to

(a) exercise more and direct political and administrative control over
the princely states
(b) involve the princes actively in the administration of the colony
(c) finally effect the complete political and administrative take­over of
all the princely states by the British
(d) use the princes to counter­balance the anti­imperialist doctrines
of the nationalist leaders


9.  Which one of the following Acts of British India strengthened
the Viceroy’s authority over his executive council by substituting
“portfolio” or departmental system for corporate functioning?

(a) Indian Council Act, 1861
(b) Government of India Act, 1858
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1892
(d) Indian Councils Act, 1909


10. With reference to colonial period of Indian history, match List I
(Person) with List II (Event) and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists :
List I List II
(Person) (Event)
A. MacDonald 1. Doctrine of Lapse
B. Linlithgow 2. Communal Award
C. Dalhousie 3. August Offer
D. Chelmsford 4. Dyarchy
Codes:
A B C D
(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 2 3 1 4
(d) 2 3 4 1


11. With which one of the following mountain tribes did the British
first come into contact with after the grant of Diwani in the year
1765?

(a) Garo
(b) Khasis
(c) Kukis
(d) Tipperahs


12. With reference to the Indian freedom struggle, which one of
the following statements is correct?

(a) Hakim Ajmal Khan was one of the leaders to start a nations list
and militant Ahrar movement
(b) When the Indian National Congress was formed, Sayyid Ahmad
Khan opposed it
(c) The All­India Muslim League which was formed in 1906
vehemently opposed the partition of Bengal and separate
electorates
(d) Maulana Barkaullah and Maulana Obeidullah Sindhi were among
those who formed a Provisional Government of India in Kabul


13. Which one of the following submitted in 1875 a petition to the
House of Commons demanding India’s direct representation in the
British Parliament?

(a) The Deccan Association
(b) The Indian Association
(c) The Madras Mahajan Sabha
(d) The Poona Sarvajanik Sabha


14. The President of India National Congress as the time of
partition of i India was

(a) C Rajagopalachari
(b) J B Kripalani
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


15. During the Indian freedom struggle, the Khudai Khidmatgars,
also known as Red Shirts, called for

(a) the Union of Pashtun tribal areas in north­west with the
Afghanistan
(b) the adoption of terrorist tactics and methods for terrorising and
finally ousting the colonial rulers
(c) the adoption of communist revolutionary ideology for political and
social reform
(d) the Pathan regional nationalist unity and a struggle against


16.  The last opportunity to avoid the partition of India was lost with
the rejection of

(a) Cripps Mission
(b) Rajagopalachari Formula
(c) Cabinet Mission
(d) Wavell Plan


17.  With reference to the period of extremist nationalist movement
in India with its spirit of Swadeshi, which one of the following
statements is correct ?

(a) Laikat Hossain led the Muslim peasants of Barisal in their
agitations
(b) In 1989, the scheme of national education was formulated by
Satish Chandra Mukherjee
(c) The Bengal National College was founded in 1906 with
Aurobindo as the Principal
(d) Tagore preached the cult of Atmasakti, the main plank of which
was social and economic regeneration of the villages


18. Assertion (A) :
The effect of labour participation in the Indian nationalist upsurge of
the early 1930 s was weak.
Reason (R) :
The labour leaders considered the ideology of Indian National
Congress as bourgeois and reactionary.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct
explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not a correct
explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true


Paper – 2001

1.  Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched ?

(a) Harappan Civilisation … Painted Grey Ware
(b) The Kushans … Gandhara School of Art
(c) The Mughals … Ajanta Paintings
(d) The Marathas … Pahari School of Painting


2.Who among the following presided over the Buddhist Council held
during the reign of Kanishka at Kashmir ?

(a) Parsva
(b) Nagarjuna
(c) Sudraka
(d) Vasumitra


3. Assertion (A):
Harshavardhana convened the Prayag Assembly.
Reason (R):
He wanted to popularise only the Mahayana form of Buddhism.

(a) Both A and R are individually true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of
A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is fasle, but R is true


4.  Which one of the Chola kings conquered Ceylon ?

(a) Aditya I
(b) Rajaraja I
(c) Rajendra
(d) Vijayalaya


5.  The Mongols under Gengis Khan invaded India during the reign of

(a) Balban
(b) Feroze Tughlaq
(c) Iltutmish
(d) Muhammad bin Tughlaq


6. The shaded area in the above map shows the empire of

(a) Ala­ud­din Khilji
(b) Mohammad Tughlaq
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Aurangzeb


7. Which of the following pairs is correctly matched ?

(a) Dewan­i­bandagani … Tughlaq
(b) Dewan­i­Mustakhraj … Balban
(c) Dewan­i­Kohi … Alauddin Khilji
(d) Dewan­i­Arz … Muhammad Tughlaq


8. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codesgiven below the Lists :

List I List II
(Bhakti Saint) (Profession)
I. Namdev (A) Barber
II. Kabir (B) Weaver
III. Ravidas (C) Tailor
IV. Sena (D) Cobbler

Codes:
(a) I­B, II­C, III­A, IV­D
(b) I­C, II­B, III­D, IV­A
(c) I­C, II­B, III­A, IV­D
(d) I­B, II­C, III­D, IV­A


9.  Which among the following ports was called Babul Makka (Gate of
Makka) during the Mughal Period ?

(a) Calicut
(b) Broach
(c) Cambay
(d) Surat


10. Assertion (A):
The Battle of Khanua was certainly more decisive and significant than the
First Battle of Panipat.
Reason (R):
Rana Sanga, the Rajput hero, was certainly a more formidable adversary
than Ibrahim Lodi.

(a) Both A and R are individually true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of
A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is fasle, but R is true


11. Who among the following Indian rulers established embassies in foreign countries on modern lines ?

(a) Haider Ali
(b) Mir Qasim
(c) Shah Alam II
(d) Tipu Sultan


12. Who amongst the following Englishmen, first translated BhagavadGita
into English ?

(a) William Jones
(b) Charles Wilkins
(c) Alexander Cunningham
(d) John Marshall


12.  Under the Permanent Settlement, 1793, the zamindars were required to issue pattas to the farmers which were not issued by many of the
zamindars. The reason was

(a) the zamindars were trusted by the farmers
(b) there was no official check upon the zamindars
(c) it was the responsibility of the British Government
(d) the farmers were not interested in getting pattas


13. Consider the following statements :
I. Arya Samaj was founded in 1835.
II. Lala Lajpat Rai opposed the appeal of Arya Samaj to the authority of
Vedas in support of its social reform programmes.
III. Under Keshab Chandra Sen, the Brahmo Samaj campaigned for
women’s education.
IV. Vinoba Bhave founded the Sarvodaya Samaj to work among rufugees.

Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) I and II
(b) II and III
(c) II and IV
(d) III and IV


14. Who among the following, was the President of the All­India States’
Peoples’ Conference in 1939 ?

(a) Jaya Prakash Narayan
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sheikh Abdullah
(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel


15.  Who among the following organised the famous Chittagong armoury
raid ?

(a) Laxmi Sehgal
(b) Surya Sen
(c) Batukeshwar Datta
(d) J.M. Sengupta


16. Who among the following leaders proposed to adopt Complete
Independence as the goal of the Congress in the Ahmedabad session of
1920 ?

(a) Abul Kalam Azad
(b) Hasrat Mohani
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi


17.  A London branch of the All­India Muslim League was established in
1908 under the presidency of

(a) Agha Khan
(b) Ameer Ali
(c) Liaquat Ali Khan
(d) M.A. Jinnah


18.  The Hunter Commission was appointed after the

(a) Black hole incident
(b) Jalianwallabagh massacre
(c) Uprising of 1857
(d) Partition of Bengal


Paper – 2000

1. The practice of military governorship was first introduced in
India by the

(a) Greeks
(b) Shakas
(c) Parthians
(d) Mughals

2.Which one of the following dynasties was ruling over North India at the time of Alexander’s invasion ?

(a) Nanda
(b) Maurya
(c) Sunga
(d) Kanva


3.The Aham and Puram poems of the Padinen Kilukanakku group
formed a continuation of the Sangam composition.
Reason (R) :
They were included under the Post­Sangam works as against the
Sangam works proper.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


3. Assertion (A) :
The emphasis of Jainism on non­violence (ahimsa) prevented
agriculturalists from embracing Jainism.
Reason (R) :
Cultivation involved killing of insects and pests.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


4. Assertion (A) :
Ashoka annexed Kalinga to the Mauryan Empire.
Reason (R) :
Kalinga controlled the land and sea routes to South India.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


5.  Assertion (A) :
The origin of feudal system in ancient India can be traced to military
campaigns.
Reason (R) :
There was considerable expansion of the feudal system during the
Gupta period.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


6. The given map refers to the kingdom of

(a) Akbar at the time of capture of Khandesh in 1601
(b) Akbar at the time of his death in 1605
(c) Aurangzeb at the time of capture of Hyderabad
(d) Aurangzeb at the time of his death in 1707


7. Consider the following events :

I. Reign of Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara.
II. Construction of Qutab Minar.
III. Arrival of Portuguese in India.
IV. Death of Firoz Tughlaq.

(a) II, IV, III, I
(b) II, IV, I, III
(c) IV, II, I, III
(d) IV, II, III, I


8. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the

codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
I. Iqta (A) Marathas
II. Jagir (B) Delhi Sultans
III. Amaram (C) Mughals
IV. Mokasa (D) Vijayanagara

Codes:
(a) I­C, II­B, III­A, IV­D
(b) I­B, II­C, III­D, IV­A
(c) I­B, II­C, III­A, IV­D
(d) I­C, II­B, III­D, IV­A


9. Who among the following streamlined the Maratha
administration after Sambhaji ?

(a) Raja Ram
(b) Balaji Viswanath
(c) Ganga Bai
(d) Nanaji Deshmukh


10. Which one of the following Muslim rulers was hailed as the ‘Jagadguru’ by his Muslim subjects because of his belief in
secularism ?

(a) Husain Shah
(b) Zain­ul­Abidin
(c) Ibrahim Adil Shah
(d) Mahmud II


11. The last major extension of British Indian territory took place
during the time of
(a) Dufferin
(b) Dalhousie
(c) Lytton
(d) Curzon


12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
I. Land allotted to big feudal landlords (A) Jagirdari
System
II. Land allotted to revenue farmers or rent collectors (B) Ryotwari
System
III. Land allotted to each peasant with the right to sublet,
mortgage, transfer, gift or sell
(C) Mahalwari
System
IV. Revenue settlements made at village level (D) Zamindari
System
Codes:
(a) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(b) I­A, II­D, III­B, IV­C
(c) I­C, II­D, III­A, IV­B
(d) I­B, II­A, III­C, IV­D


13.  “In this instance we could not play off the Mohammedans
against the Hindus”. To which one of the following events did this
remark of Aitchison relate ?

(a) Revolt of 1857
(b) Champaran Satyagraha (1917)
(c) Khilafat and Non­Cooperation Movement (1919­22)
(d) August Movement of 1942


14. Consider the following statements about the Indian National
Congress
I. Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to be the President of the
Congress.
II. C.R. Das was in prison when he functioned as the President of
the Congress.
III. The first Britisher to become the President of the Congress was
Alan Octavian Hume.
IV. Alfred Webb was the President of the Congress in 1894.

Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) I and III
(b) II and IV
(c) II, III and IV
(d) I, II, III and IV


15. Assertion (A) :
The basic weakness of the early nationalist movement lay in its
narrow social base.
Reason (R) :
It fought for the narrow interests of the social groups which joined it.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


16. Which one of the following is not a feature of the Government
of India Act of 1935?

(a) Diarchy at the Centre as well as in the provinces
(b) A bicameral legislature
(c) Provincial autonomy
(d) An All­India Federation


17. The Indian National Army (INA) came into existence in 1943 in

(a) Japan
(b) Burma
(c) Singapore
(d) Malaya


18.  As an alternative to the partition of India, Gandhiji suggested to
Mountbatten that he

(a) postpone granting of independence
(b) invite Jinnah to form the government
(c) invite Nehru and Jinnah to form the government together
(d) invite the army to take over for some time


19. After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first
successful Satyagraha in

(a) Chauri­Chaura
(b) Dandi
(c) Champaran
(d) Bardoli


20. Assertion (A) :
Lord Linlithgo described the August Movement of 1942 as the most
serious revolt after the Sepoy mutiny.
Reason (R) :
Peasants joined the movement in large number in some places.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


21. While delivering the presidential address, the Congress
President who advocated the introduction of Roman script for Hindi
language was

(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Abul Kalam Azad
(d) Subhas Chandra Bose


22. At the time of partition of India, which one of the following
provinces of the British India came forward with a plan for a united
and independent existence ?

(a) Punjab
(b) Assam
(c) Bengal
(d) Bihar


23. The Balkan Plan for fragmentation of India was the brain­child
of

(a) W. Churchill
(b) M. A. Jinnah
(c) Lord Mountbatten
(d) V. P. Menon


24. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
I. Chittagong Armoury Raid (A) Kalpana Dutt
II. Abhinav Bharat (B) Guru Ram Singh
III. Anushilan Samiti (C) Vikram Damodar Savarkar
IV. Kuka Movement (D) Aurobindo Ghosh
Codes:
(a) I­A, II­C, III­D, IV­B
(b) I­A, II­C, III­B, IV­D
(c) I­C, II­A, III­B, IV­D
(d) I­C, II­A, III­D, IV­B


25. The native State of Tripura became involved in the Freedom
Movement early in the 20th century because

(a) the kings of Tripura were always anti­British
(b) the Bengal revolutionaries took shelter in Tripura
(c) the tribes of the State were fiercely freedom loving
(d) there were already some groups fighting against the kingship
and its protector, the British


26. That the per capita income in India was Rs. 20 in 1867­68, was
ascertained for the first time by

(a) M. G. Ranade
(b) Sir W. Hunter
(c) R. C. Dutta
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji


Paper – 1999

1.The term ‘Aryan’ denotes

(a) an ethnic group
(b) a nomadic people
(c) a speech group
(d) a superior race

2.One consistent feature found in the history of southern India was
the growth of small regional kingdoms rather than large empires
because of

(a) the absence of minerals like iron
(b) too many divisions in the social structure
(c) the absence of vast areas of fertile land
(d) the scarcity of manpower


3.Which one of the following was initially the most powerful city
state of India in the 6th century B.C. ?

(a) Gandhar
(b) Kamboj
(c) Kashi
(d) Magadh


3. The following persons came to India at one time or another :
I. Fa­Hien
II. I­Tsing
III. Megasthenese
IV. Hieun­Tsang

The correct chronological sequence of their visits is :
(a) III, I, II, IV
(b) III, I, IV, II
(c) I, III, II, IV
(d) I, III, IV, II


4. From the third century AD when the Hun invasion ended the
Roman Empire, the Indian merchants relied more and more on the

(a) African trade
(b) West­European trade
(c) South­East Asian trade
(d) Middle­Eastern trade


5. The Indo­Greek kingdom set up in north Afghanistan in the
beginning of the second century BC was

(a) Bactria
(b) Scythia
(c) Zedrasia
(d) Aria


6. Which one of the following ports handled the north Indian trade
during the Gupta period ?

(a) Tamralipti
(b) Broach
(c) Kalyan
(d) Cambray


7. The king was freed from his people and they from their king”. On
whose death did Badauni comment thus ?

(a) Balban
(b) Ala­ud­din Khalji
(c) Muhammad­bin­Tughlak
(d) Feroze Shah Tughlak


8. To which Lodi Sultan does the given map relate and what town
does the site marked A on the map represent ?

(a) Behlol Lodi, Jaunpur
(b) Sikandar Lodi, Aligarh
(c) Ibrahim Lodi, Jaunpur
(d) Ibrahim Lodi, Aligarh


9. The first writer to use Urdu as the medium of poetic expression was

(a) Amir Khusru
(b) Mirza Ghalib
(c) Bahadur Shah Zafar


10. Consider the following statements :
The striking feature of the Jama Masjid in Kashmir completed by
Zain­ul­Abidin include(s)
I. turret.
II. similarity with Buddhist pagodas.
III. Persian style.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?
(a) I alone
(b) I, II and III
(c) II and III
(d) I and III


11. Assertion (A):
During the time of Akbar, for every ten cavalrymen, the mansabdars had to maintain twenty horses.
Reason (R):
Horses had to be rested while on march and replacements were
necessary in times of war.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


12.Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched ?
(a) Jahangir : William Hawkins
(b) Akbar : Sir Thomas Roe
(c) Shahjahan : Travernier
(d) Aurangzeb : Manucci


13. At a time when empires in Europe were crumbling before the
might of Napoleon which one of the following Governors­ General
kept the British flag flying high in India ?

(a) Warren Hastings
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord Hastings


14. The most short­lived of all of Britain’s constitutional
experiments in India was the

(a) Indian Councils Act of 1861
(b) Indian Councils Act of 1892
(c) Indian Councils Act of 1909
(d) Government of India Act of 1919


15. The term “imperial preference” was applied to the

(a) special privileges on British imports in India
(b) racial discrimination by the Britishers
(c) subordination of Indian interest to that of the British
(d) preference given to British political agents over Indian Princes


16. The Governor­General who followed a spirited “Forward” policy
towards Afghanistan was

(a) Minto
(b) Dufferin
(c) Elgin
(d) Lytton


17. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Year) (Event)
I. 1775 (A) First Anglo­Burmese War
II. 1780 (B) First Anglo­Afghan War
III. 1824 (C) First Anglo­Maratha War
IV. 1838 (D) Second Anglo­Mysore War
Codes:
(a) I­D, II­C, III­B, IV­A
(b) I­D, II­C, III­A, IV­B
(c) I­C, II­D, III­A, IV­B
(d) I­C, II­D, III­B, IV­A


18. Consider the following events :
I. Indigo Revolt
II. Santhal Rebellion
III. Deccan Riot
IV. Mutiny of the Sepoys
The correct chronological sequence of these events is :
(a) IV, II, I, III
(b) IV, II, III, I
(c) II, IV, III, I
(d) II, IV, I, III


19. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :
List I List II
(Books) (Authors)
I. The First Indian War of Independence (A) Rabindranath Tagore
II. Anand Math (B) Sri Aurobindo
III. Life Divine (C) Bankim Chandra Chatterji
IV. Sadhana Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Codes:
(a) I­D, II­C, III­B, IV­A
(b) I­C, II­D, III­A, IV­B
(c) I­D, II­C, III­A, IV­B
(d) I­C, II­D, III­B, IV­A


20. Which Indian nationalist leader looked upon a war between
Germany and Britain as a godsent opportunity which would enable
Indians to exploit the situation to their advantage ?

(a) C. Rajagopalachari
(b) M. A. Jinnah
(c) Subhas Chandra Bose
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru


21.  The first venture of Gandhi in all­India politics was the

(a) Non­Cooperation Movement
(b) Rowlatt Satyagraha
(c) Champaran Movement
(d) Dandi March


22. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the Lists :

List I List II
(Persons) (Journals)
I. Shyamji Krishna Varma (A) Bande Mataram
II. Madame Bhikaji Cama (B) Indian Sociologist
III. Annie Besant (C) The Talwar
IV. Aurobindo Ghosh (D) Commonweal
Codes:
(a) I­B, II­C, III­D, IV­A
(b) I­C, II­B, III­A, IV­D
(c) I­B, II­C, III­A, IV­D
(d) I­C, II­B, III­D, IV­A


23. Which one of the following leaders of the Congress was totally
in favour of Cabinet Mission Plan ?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sardar Patel
(d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


24. The Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately came to an
end under the guidance of

(a) Aurobindo Ghosh
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Lala Lajpat Rai
(d) Mahatma Gandhi


25.  “It made its proposals in May. It still wanted a united India.
There was to be a Federal Union composed of British provinces.”
The above quotation is related to

(a) Simon Commission
(b) Gandhi­Irwin Pact
(c) Cripps Mission
(d) Cabinet Mission


26. Which one of the following Indian leaders was dismissed by the
British from the Indian Civil Service ?

(a) Satyendranath Tagore
(b) Surendranath Banerji
(c) R. C. Dutt
(d) Subhash Chandra Bose


27. The paintings of Abanindranath Tagore are classified as

(a) realistic
(b) socialistic
(c) revivalistic
(d) impressionistic


28. ‘Abinava Bharat’ a secret society of revolutionaries was
organised by

(a) Khudiram Bose
(b) V. D. Savarkar
(c) Prafulla Chaki
(d) Bhagat Singh


29.Which one of the following statements is correct ?
(a) ‘Neel Darpan’ was a play based on the exploitation of the indigo
farmers
(b) The author of the play ‘Ghashiram Kotwal’ is Vijay Tendulkar
(c) The play ‘Navanna’ by Nabin Chandra Das was based on the
famine of Bengal
(d) Urdu theatre used to depend heavily on Parsi theatre
Q89 Which one of the following Indian leaders was dismissed by the
British from the Indian Civil Service ?

(a) Satyendranath Tagore
(b) Surendranath Banerji
(c) R. C. Dutt
(d) Subhash Chandra Bose


Paper – 1998

1.Which of the following pairs are correctly matched ?
I. Lothal : Ancient dockyard
II. Sarnath : First Sermon of Buddha
III. Rajgir : Lion capital of Asoka
IV. Nalanda : Great seat of Buddhist learning
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Codes :
(a) I, II, III and IV
(b) III and IV
(c) I, II and IV
(d) I and II


2.Many of the Greeks, Kushanas and Shakas embraced
Buddhism rather than Hinduism because

(a) Buddhism was in the ascendant at that time
(b) they had renounced the policy of war and violence
(c) caste­ridden Hinduism did not attract them
(d) Buddhism provided easier access to Indian society


3.The concept of Eight­fold path forms the theme of

(a) Dipavamsa
(b) Divyavadana
(c) Mahaparinibban Sutta
(d) Dharma Chakara Pravartana Sutta


3. Which one of the following ancient Indian records is the
earliest royal order to preserve foodgrains to be utilised during the
crises in the country ?

(a) Sohagaura Copper­plate
(b) Rummindei pillar­edict of Asoka
(c) Prayaga­Prasasti
(d) Mehrauli Pillar inscription of Chandra


4.  Assertion (A):
According to Asoka’s edicts social harmony among the people was
more important than religious devotion.
Reason (R):
He spread ideas of equity instead of promotion of religion.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


5. Assertion (A):
The Gandhara School of art bears the mark of Hellenistic influence.
Reason (R):
Hinayana form was influenced by that art.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


6. What is the correct chronological order in which the following
appeared in India ?

I. Gold coins
II. Punch­marked silver coins
III. Iron plough
IV. Urban culture

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Codes :
(a) III, IV, I, II
(b) III, IV, II, I
(c) IV, III, I, II
(d) IV, III, II, I


7.  Which of the following pairs are correctly matched ?

I. Mrichchakatikam — Shudraka
II. Buddhacharita — Vasuvandhu
III. Mudrarakshasha — Vishakhadatta
IV. Harshacharita — Banabhatta

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Codes:
(a) I, II, III and IV
(b) I, III and IV
(c) I and IV
(d) II and III


8. Fawazil in the Sultanate period meant

(a) extra payment made to the nobles
(b) revenue assigned in lieu of salary
(c) excess amount paid to the exchequer by the iqtadars
(d) illegal exactions extracted from the peasants


9. The Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest
network of canals in India was

(a) Iltutmish
(b) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
(c) Feroz Shah Tughlaq
(d) Sikandar Lodi


10.  Assertion (A):
At first the Turkish administration in India was essentially military.
Reason (R):
The country was parcelled out as ‘Iqtas’ among leading military
leaders.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


11. Consider the following :

I. Tughlaquabad Fort.
II. Lodi Garden.
III. Qutub Minar.
IV. Fatehpur Sikri.

The correct chronological order in which they were built is :
(a) III, I, IV, II
(b) III, I, II, IV
(c) I, III, II, IV
(d) I, III, IV, II


12.  In the given map, the shaded part represents Akbar’s empire
at a certain juncture: ‘A’ stands for an independent country and ‘B’
marks the site of a city. Which one of the following alternatives gives
all correct information ?

(a) Akbar in 1557 : (A) Golkunda (B) Lahore
(b) Akbar in 1557 : (A) Khandesh (B) Multan
(c) Akbar in 1605 : (A) Gondwana (B) Multan
(d) Akbar in 1605 : (A) Gondwana (B) Lahore


13. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the
codes given below the lists :

List I List II
I. 1556 (A) Battle of Haldi Ghati
II. 1600 (B) Nadir Shah’s capture of Delhi
III. 1686 (C) Death of Shivaji
IV. 1739 (D) Grant of Charter to East India Company
(E) Accession of Akbar

Codes:
(a) I­C, II­D, III­B, IV­A14.
(b) I­E, II­D, III­C, IV­B
(c) I­E, II­B, III­A, IV­D
(d) I­A, II­E, III­C, IV­B


14. Consider the following statements :

Ahadis were those troopers who
I. offered their services singly.
II. did not attach themselves to any chief.
III. had the emperor as their immediate colonel.
IV. attached themselves to Mirzas.
Of these statements :

(a) I, III and IV are correct
(b) I, II and III are correct
(c) II and III are correct
(d) I and IV are correct


15. Assertion (A):
During the reign of Shahjahan, Dara Sikoh was sent on expedition to Balkha, Badakh­shan and Qandahar.
Reason (R):
The expedition sent by Shahjahan to the Middle­East was a
marvellous success.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


16. The loss of Qandhar was a big blow to the Mughal empire from
the view point of

(a) natural resources
(b) buffer territory
(c) communication
(d) strategic stronghold


17. The member of Shivaji’s Astha Pradhana who looked after
foreign affairs was

(a) Peshwa
(b) Sachiv
(c) Pandit Rao
(d) Sumant


18. Assertion (A):
The first ever Bill to make primary education compulsory in India
was rejected in 1911.
Reason (R):
Discontent would have increased if every cultivator could read.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


19. The educated middle class in India

(a) opposed the revolt of 1857
(b) supported the revolt of 1857
(c) remained neutral to the revolt of 1857
(d) fought against native rulers


20.  “The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great
ambitions while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise.” This
statement is attributed to

(a) Lord Dufferin
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Lord Lytton
(d) None of the above


21. Lord Mountbatten came to India as Viceroy along with specific
instructions to

(a) balkanize the Indian sub­continent
(b) keep India united if possible
(c) accept Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan
(d) persuade the Congress to accept partition


22. Assertion (A):
Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the Moderates’ role in
the Indian freedom movement.
Reason (R):
The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the
Extremists from the Moderates.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


23. Assertion (A):
The Congress rejected the Cripps proposals.
Reason (R):
The Cripps Mission consisted solely of whites.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


24. Assertion (A):
Gandhi stopped the Non­Co­operation Movement in 1922.
Reason (R):
Violence at Chauri­Chaura led him to stop the movement.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


25. When the Indian Muslim League was inducted into the interim
government in 1946, Liyaqat Ali Khan was assigned the portfolio of

(a) Foreign affairs
(b) Home
(c) Finance
(d) Defence


26. Which one of the following events, was characterised by
Montague as ‘Preventive Murder’ ?

(a) Killing of INA activists
(b) Massacre of Jallianwalla Bagh
(c) Shooting of the Mahatma
(d) Shooting of Curzon­Wythe


27.  What is the correct sequence of the following events ?
I. The August Offer
II. The I.N.A. trial
III. The Quit India Movement
IV. The Royal Indian Naval Ratings’ Revolt
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Codes :
(a) I, III, II, IV
(b) III, I, II, IV
(c) I, III, IV, II
(d) III, I, IV, II


28. What is the correct sequence of the following events ?

I. Tilak’s Home Rule League
II. Kamagatamaru Incident
III. Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival in India
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Codes :
(a) I, II, III
(b) III, II, I
(c) II, I, III
(d) II, III, I


29. Simon Commission of 1927 was boycotted because

(a) there was no Indian Member in the Commission
(b) it supported the Muslim League
(c) Congress felt that the people of India are entitled to Swaraj
(d) there were differences among the members


30. Assertion (A):
The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of
the National Movement.
Reason (R):
There was a predominant element of anti­imperialism in both the
National and Khilafat Movements.

(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true


31.  At the time of India’s Independence, Mahatma Gandhi was

(a) a member of Congress Working Committee
(b) not a member of the Congress
(c) the President of the Congress
(d) the General Secretary of the Congress


32. The Indian National Congress agreed in 1947 to the partition of
the country mainly because

(a) the principle of two­Nation theory was then acceptable to them
(b) it was imposed by the British Government and the Congress was
helpless in this regard
(c) they wanted to avoid large­scale communal riots
(d) India would have otherwise lost the opportunity to attain freedom


33. Which one of the following defines extremist ideology during
the early phase of Indian freedom movement ?

(a) Stimulating the production of indigenous articles by giving them
preference over imported commodities
(b) Obtaining self­government by aggressive means in place of
petitions and constitutional ways
(c) Providing national education according to the requirements of the
country
(d) Organising coups against the British empire through military
revolt


34. The Indian Muslims, in general, were not attracted to the
Extremist movement because of the

(a) influence of Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan
(b) anti­Muslim attitude of extremist leaders
(c) indifference shown to Muslim aspirations
(d) Extremists’ policy of harping on Hindu past


35.  Who was the leader of the Ghaddar Party?

(a) Bhagat Singh
(b) Lala Hardayal
(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(d) V. D. Savarkar


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